SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS 2022-11-24T15:15:39+00:00 Dr Dimitri Tassiopoulos Open Journal Systems <p>This journal publishes contributions in English and French from all fields of social aspects of HIV/AIDS (care, support, behaviour change, behavioural surveillance, counselling, impact, mitigation, stigma, discrimination, prevention, treatment, adherence, culture, faith-based approaches, evidence-based intervention, health communication, structural and environmental intervention, financing, policy, media, etc).</p><p>Le journal publie des communications en Anglais et en Français de tous les domains des aspects sociaux du VIH/SIDA (le soin, le soutien, le changement du comportement, la surveillance comportementale, la consultation, l'impact, la réduction, le stigmate, la discrimination, la prévention, le traitement, l'adhésion, la culture, les approches basées sur la foi, l'intervention évidence-basée, la communication sur la santé, l'intervention structurale et de l'environnement, le financement, la politique, le média, etc). </p><p>Other websites related to this journal: <a title="" href="" target="_blank"></a></p> Pre-exposure prophylaxis as an opportunity for engagement in HIV prevention among South African adolescents 2022-11-24T15:14:31+00:00 Ashleigh LoVette Caroline Kuo Danielle Giovenco Jacqueline Hoare Kristen nUnderhilld Don Operario <p>Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) offers a potential biomedical strategy to reduce HIV incidence among adolescent populations disproportionately affected by HIV. There is limited evidence on the social and clinical implications, including engagement in HIV prevention efforts, of PrEP for South African adolescents, who face high HIV risk. We conducted a mixed-methods study in Western Cape, South Africa from 2015 to 2016. Adolescents (<em>N</em> = 35) aged 16–17 and clinical service providers working with adolescents (<em>N</em> = 25) were recruited from community and clinic settings. Adolescents and service providers completed a survey about their overall perceptions of PrEP and completed interviews guided by semi-structured protocols. We performed descriptive analysis of quantitative data using SPSS and thematic analysis of qualitative data using NVivo. The majority of adolescents endorsed future PrEP use for themselves and partners, and all clinical service providers endorsed future PrEP use for sexually active adolescents. Both adolescents and service providers identified PrEP as an opportunity to engage youth as active participants in HIV prevention. Service providers also viewed PrEP as a potential mechanism for shifting life trajectories. Findings from this study enhance our understanding of the considerations needed to engage adolescents and clinical service providers in the roll-out of oral PrEP in South Africa.</p> 2022-11-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 0 ‘I can’t go to her when I have a problem’: sexuality communication between South African adolescent girls and young women and their mothers 2022-11-24T14:47:58+00:00 Zoe Duby Wilmé Verwoerd Katja Isaksen Kim Jonas Kealeboga Maruping Janan Dietrich Ashleigh Lovette Caroline Kuo Catherine Mathews <p>Parent–adolescent sexuality communication, the process in which parents and their adolescent children discuss sexuality and sexual and reproductive health, is a key component for adolescents’ protective behaviours. Open communication with parents, particularly mothers, enables informed sexual and reproductive health (SRH) decision- aking amongst adolescent girls and young women (AGYW). As part of a qualitative study evaluating a South African combination HIV prevention intervention for AGYW, we explored perspectives on SRH communication among AGYW and mothers of AGYW, and the effects of the intervention on sexuality communication as perceived by AGYW, mothers of AGYW, intervention facilitators and implementers, and community leaders. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 185 AGYW aged 15–24 years who had participated in the intervention, seven mothers of AGYW intervention recipients, 14 intervention facilitators, six community leaders, and 12 intervention implementers. Key themes that emerged in analysis were (1) Barriers to Sexuality communication, (2) Implications of Gaps in Sexuality Communication, and (3) Addressing Barriers to Sexuality communication. Barriers to sexuality communication included inability or unwillingness to discuss sex, a generation gap, proscriptive socio-cultural guidelines, and mothers’ discomfort, lack of knowledge and self-efficacy, and fear of encouraging promiscuity. AGYW described making poorly-informed SRH decisions alone, expressing a desire for more open communication with and support from parents/mothers. Framed within the social cognitive theory, these findings can help to guide efforts to address barriers around parent–adolescent&nbsp; sexuality communication, inform interventions aimed at targeting SRH issues amongst AGYW, such as unintended pregnancy and HIV, and support meaningful engagement of parents in supporting AGYW in navigating pathways to achieving their SRH goals.</p> 2022-11-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 0 Challenges with couples HIV counselling and testing among black MSM students: perspectives of university students in Durban, South Africa 2022-11-24T14:58:24+00:00 Geogina Charity Gumindega Pranitha Maharaj <p>Research suggests that HIV infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) are acquired&nbsp; rom primary partners, yet MSM continually fail to take part in couples HIV counselling and testing (CHCT). To identify factors that inhibit MSM in universities from regularly testing for HIV with their sexual partners, this study considered the perspectives and experiences of 15 MSM students in Durban, South Africa. The findings show that despite appreciating the value of couple testing it is relatively uncommon. MSM resist doing so with their casual partners as this would presumably signal an intention to advance the relationship beyond the short-term. Other barriers included; experienced and perceived homophobia at public testing centres, trust-based assumptions that primary partners need not test for HIV and fear of discord. They also employed alternative strategies to purportedly determine their casual and primary partners’ status in the absence of CHCT. Alternative strategies include; initiating sexual relationships with casual partners whose sexual history is known and making use of home-based testing kits to avoid CHCT at public testing centres. These findings emphasise the need for LGBTIQ-friendly couple-based approaches as a necessary component of HIV prevention interventions among MSM in universities.</p> 2022-11-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 0