The importance of the quality or type of fat in the diet: A food-based dietary guideline for South Africa

  • CM Smuts
  • P Wolmarans

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to review the latest total fat intake data for South Africa, as well as scientific evidence on the effect of the total amount and quality or type of fat in the diet. The total fat intake of South Africans is within the goal of . 30% of total energy, but the quality or type of fat in the diet requires attention. Fats are key nutrients required for early growth and development, and influence the bodyfs response to nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases later in life. Based on the total fat intake data for South Africa, and the latest evidence on the unique properties of certain fatty acids for health and disease, revision of the previous food-based dietary guideline (FBDG), gEat fat sparinglyh, was needed. gUse fats sparingly: choose vegetable oils, rather than hard fatsh is the new FBDG formulated for the fat intake of South Africans. Replacing animal and plant sources of saturated fatty acids with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and monounsaturated fatty acids is recommended. The regular intake of oily fish to increase omega-3 long-chain PUFAs is important. Energy balance remains an important aspect, in addition to the  composition of the diet. The FBDG gUse fats sparingly: choose vegetable oils rather than hard fatsh is meant to convey a positive message, to ensure that the right types of fats and oils are eaten and used in food preparation for early development and long-term health. An alternative
FBDG is: gEat and use the right type of fats and oils in moderation.
Published
2013-11-29
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2078-6204
print ISSN: 2078-6190