The relationship between temperament, gender, and behavioural problems in preschool children

  • S Yoleri
Keywords: behavioural problems, gender, preschool children, temperament

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between gender and the temperamental characteristics of children between the ages of five and six, as well as to assess their behavioural problems. The sample included 128 children selected by simple random sampling from 5-6 year old children, receiving preschool education in the city centre of Ýzmir province in Turkey. Of the children, 65 were girls (50.8%) and 63 (49.2%) were boys. The data collection instruments were the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales and the Short Temperament Scale for Children,  respectively. The results of this study reveal that there is no significiant difference between gender and the child temperament subscales of approach/withdrawal; persistence and rhythmicity; and a child’s behavioural problems, respectively. However, the gender of the children was found to be significantly related to the reactivity sub-dimension of their  temperament (p < 0.05). Moreover, a significant correlation was observed between the temperament subscale of reactivity and externalising problems subscale of behavioural problems (p < 0.05). On the other hand, a negative correlation was observed between the persistence temperament
dimension and the behavioural problem dimension of self-centredness (p < 0.05). In the opinion of the researcher, it is important to know the children’s personality features, monitor their behaviour, and take  respective measures when necessary. These research results contributed
positively to this end.

Keywords: behavioural problems; gender; preschool children;  temperament

Published
2014-07-21
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2076-3433
print ISSN: 0256-0100