South African Journal of Education

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The Caring School Leadership Questionnaire (CSLQ)

CP van der Vyver, PC van der Westhuizen, LW Meyer


The purpose of this research was to develop the Caring School Leadership Questionnaire (CSLQ) as a valid and reliable
instrument to measure the extent of care being given by school leaders (principals) to teachers. The research involved 1,041
teachers and 65 principals from 68 primary schools in the North-West Province of South Africa. The construct validity of
the CSLQ was determined by means of a confirmatory factor analysis. The three main constructs regarding caring that
emerged from the factor analysis proved to be the same as those theoretically identified as the three main determinants of
care. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients furthermore proved the CSLQ to be reliable. The key finding flowing from the
investigation was that the CSLQ may be applied with good effect in 180º-, 360º-, as well as self-evaluations of school leaders.

Keywords: caring, caring school leadership, determinants of care, management, measuring instrument for caring school
leadership, measuring care in leadership
AJOL African Journals Online