Validation of the Teacher Stress Inventory (TSI) in a multicultural context: The SABPA study

  • Susanna M. Boshoff
  • Johan C. Potgieter
  • Susanna M. Ellis
  • Kobus Mentz
  • Leoné Malan
Keywords: psychological well-being, reliability, South African context, stress, Teacher Stress Inventory (TSI), validity


The aim of this study was to validate the Teacher Stress Inventory (TSI) for use in a South African context. The process of scale validation also sheds significant light on this culturally diverse group of participants’ levels of psychological well-being and physical health, and its association with the level of stress that teachers reported. Using a cross-sectional survey design, Caucasian (n = 209) and African (n = 200) educators’ subsiding in the North-West Province of South Africa, completed the TSI, together with a number of self-report and physiological measures of stress and well-being. In contrast to the five factors of the TSI identified in US samples, statistical analysis yielded a two-factor model (i.e. General circumstance-related stress and Learner-related stress) with satisfactory reliability indices. Significant correlation with measures of psychological and physiological health also reflected positively on the criterion-related validity of the scale. The TSI proved to be a useful, brief self-report questionnaire for the assessment of teacher stress in this cohort of South African teachers.

Keywords: psychological well-being; reliability; South African context; stress; Teacher Stress Inventory (TSI); validity


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2076-3433
print ISSN: 0256-0100