Educators and the quality of their work environment: an analysis of the organisational climate in primary schools

  • D Vos
  • PC van der Westhuizen
  • PJ Mentz
  • SM Ellis
Keywords: educational environment, effective schools, improving organisational climate, improving school climate, management styles, Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (OCDQ), organisational climate, primary schools, school climate, teacher morale and


The prevalent organisational climate in primary schools in the North West Province was determined in order to formulate management strategies to increase the organisational climate. For this purpose, a quantitative research method, founded in post-positivistic points of departure, was applied. In the process, the Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire – Rutgers Elementary (OCDQ-RE) was applied in order to determine the behaviour of principals and school educators. The investigation indicated that the behaviour of the principals and that of the educators contributed only to an average degree to the establishment of a more effective organisational climate in the primary schools investigated. Furthermore the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses indicated that certain items in the original climate questionnaire, which were grouped in the directive behaviour of the principal, were viewed by the respondents in South Africa as supportive but, in some instances, also as restrictive.

Keywords: educational environment; effective schools; improving organisational climate; improving school climate; management styles; Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (OCDQ); organisational climate; primary schools; school climate; teacher morale and attitudes


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2076-3433
print ISSN: 0256-0100