Remote sensing bio-control damage on aquatic invasive alien plant species

  • Na’eem Agjee
  • Onisimo Mutanga
  • Riyad Ismail


Aquatic Invasive Alien Plant (AIAP) species are a major threat to freshwater ecosystems, placing great strain on South Africa’s limited water resources. Bio-control programmes have been initiated in an effort to mitigate the negative environmental impacts associated with their presence in non-native areas. Remote sensing can be used as an effective tool to detect, map and monitor bio-control damage on AIAP species. This paper  reconciles previous and current research concerning the application of remote sensing to detect and map bio-control damage on AIAP species. Initially, the spectral characteristics of bio-control damage are  described. Thereafter, the potential of remote sensing chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence as  pre-visual indicators of bio-control damage are reviewed and synthesised. The utility of multispectral and  hyperspectral sensors for mapping different severities of bio-control damage are also discussed. Popular  machine learning algorithms that offer operational potential to classify bio-control damage are proposed. This paper concludes with the challenges of remote sensing bio-control damage as well as proposes  recommendations to guide future research to successfully detect and map bio-control damage on AIAP  species.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2225-8531