Factors influencing the job satisfaction of academics in higher education
Since there has not been much research focus on job satisfaction in Higher Education in South Africa, this article describes the job satisfaction of these academics in times of transformation. A survey design involved 94 respondents from similar departments at a residential and a distance education institution. A questionnaire focused on teaching, research, community service, administration, compensation, promotions, university management, co-workers' behaviour and physical conditions. Demographics that could influence the job satisfaction of the academics were also considered. These included university context, being employed on a full-time or part-time basis, rank, ethnic group, union membership and gender. Factors causing satisfaction and dissatisfaction were identified. These were sometimes influenced by the above-mentioned demographics. Three-quarters of the sample indicated that, all things considered, they were satisfied with their work. Significant correlations between job satisfaction and physical conditions and support, in particular, were determined.
South African Journal of Higher Education Vol. 20 (2) 2006: 318-335