Issues in competence and pre-service teacher education. Part 1.Can outcomes-based programmes produce competent teachers?

  • WJ Fraser
  • R Killen
  • MM Nieman


The Department of Education's Norms and standards for educators (Department of Education 2000) require that higher education institutions design and implement outcomes-based teacher education programmes to enable novice teachers to demonstrate their competence across a range of teacher roles. In this article the question of whether outcomes-based programmes can produce competent teachers is explored. This is done firstly by taking a closer look at competence and competence-based education, the role of standards and the four types of competences as defined in the Norms and standards for educators. Thereafter we discuss outcomes and outcomes-based education. The article also points out the necessity of distinguishing between competences for beginning and pre-service teachers on the one hand and experienced teachers on the other.

South African Journal of Higher Education Vol. 19 (2) 2006: pp.229-245

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eISSN: 1011-3487