SA Journal of Radiology

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Current updates on HIV-related pulmonary disease in children: What do radiologists and clinicians need to know?

Tracy Kilborn, Winnie C.W. Chu, KM Das, Bernard Laya, Edward Y. Lee


Despite substantial advances in diagnosis and treatment, pulmonary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in infants and children particularly those who live in developing countries. This article provides an up-to-date review on underlying etiology, often characteristic imaging findings and current management of pulmonary HIV infection in infants and children. Increased understanding of clinical and unique imaging findings of pulmonary HIV infection has a great potential for early and accurate diagnosis which, in turn, can eventually improve pediatric patient care.

AJOL African Journals Online