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SA Journal of Radiology

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Mammographic CAD: Correlation of regions in ipsilateral views – a pilot study

J Padayachee, M Alport, W Rae

Abstract


Background. Radiologists analyse both standard mammographic
views of a breast to confirm the presence of abnormalities and reduce false-positives. However, at present, no computer-aided diagnosis
system uses ipsilateral mammograms to confirm the presence of suspicious features.
Aim. The aim of this study was to develop image-processing algorithms
that can be used to match a suspicious feature from one mammographic view to the same feature in another mammographic view of the same breast. This algorithm can be incorporated into a computer-aided diagnosis package to confirm the presence of suspicious features.
Method. The algorithms were applied to 68 matched pairs of craniocaudal
and mediolateral-oblique mammograms. The results of this pilot study take the form of maps of similarity. A novel method of evaluating the similarity maps is presented, using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and the contrast (C) between the area of the matched region and the background of the similarity map.
Results and conclusions. The first matching algorithm (using texture measures extracted from a grey-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) and a Euclidean distance similarity metric) achieved an average AUC of 0.80±0.17 with an average C of 0.46±0.26. The second algorithm (using GLCMs and a mutual information similarity metric) achieved an average AUC of 0.77±0.25 with an average C of 0.50±0.42. The latter algorithm also performed remarkably well with the matching of malignant masses and achieved an average AUC of 0.96±0.05 with an average C of 0.90±0.21. In conclusion, texture analysis methods used with suitable similarity metrics allow a suspicious feature from one mammographic view to be matched with the same suspicious feature in other mammographic views of the same breast.



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