Standardisation of Bull's Mental Skills Questionnaire in South Africa and the United Kingdom

  • DJ Edwards
  • BJM Steyn
  • RM Buscombe
  • SD Edwards
  • P Denyer
Keywords: Standardisation, Mental Skills Questionnaire, South Africa, United Kingdom, Sport and Exercise Psychology.


The contemporary science of sport and exercise psychology requires the standardisation of mental skills questionnaires to facilitate accurate assessment of and intervention for individuals and groups in various health and sport related contexts. The study presents international research findings regarding the standardisation of a Mental Skills Scale with a sample of university students (N=420) from South Africa (n=211) and the United Kingdom (n=209) respectively. Although further international and national standardisation in both English and other languages is recommended, factor and reliability analyses indicated satisfactory validity and reliability of the current English version of the scale.

Key words: Standardisation; Mental Skills Questionnaire; South Africa; United Kingdom; Sport and Exercise Psychology.


Journal Identifiers

print ISSN: 0379-9069