South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation

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Standardisation of Bull's Mental Skills Questionnaire in South Africa and the United Kingdom

DJ Edwards, BJM Steyn, RM Buscombe, SD Edwards, P Denyer


The contemporary science of sport and exercise psychology requires the standardisation of mental skills questionnaires to facilitate accurate assessment of and intervention for individuals and groups in various health and sport related contexts. The study presents international research findings regarding the standardisation of a Mental Skills Scale with a sample of university students (N=420) from South Africa (n=211) and the United Kingdom (n=209) respectively. Although further international and national standardisation in both English and other languages is recommended, factor and reliability analyses indicated satisfactory validity and reliability of the current English version of the scale.

Key words: Standardisation; Mental Skills Questionnaire; South Africa; United Kingdom; Sport and Exercise Psychology.

AJOL African Journals Online