South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register

DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access  DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access

Design and validation of a cardiorespiratory capacity test for preschool children

Pedro Á Latorre-Román, Marta Fernández-Sánchez, Francisco J Moriana-Coronas, Felipe García-Pinillos


This study aimed to validate the 10x20m test for children aged 3 to 6 years in order to analyse cardiorespiratory capacity. 298 children, 159 boys (age=57.84±10.25 months) and 139 girls (age=56.68±11.00 months), that were randomly selected from three schools in the southeast of Spain participated in this study. The 10x20m test was designed to evaluate aerobic endurance. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) was selected and used for convergent validity. The analysis of reliability using a test-retest found no significant differences (p≥0.05). As for convergent validity between the 10x20m test and 6MWT, a Pearson correlation coefficient of r= -0.657, (p<0.001) was found. The linear regression analysis yielded a R2=0.432. Regarding gender and age influences, no significant differences (p≥0.05) for any variable according to gender were found, while significant differences were found (p<0.001) in the 10x20m test between age sub-groups. The results showed that the 10x20m test obtained adequate parameters of reliability and validity in healthy children aged 3 to 6 years. Therefore, to assess cardiorespiratory endurance in preschool children this test is valid, reliable and easy-to-perform.

Key words: Cardiorespiratory endurance; Physical fitness; Preschool assessment; Validation.

AJOL African Journals Online