Construction of a learning scale for postmodern physical education lessons
ostmodernism advocates the removal of old concepts to generate new thinking and is applied to the physical education ideas of self-reflection and self-awareness, so that students can unleash their creative potential in sports, and experience new understanding and rich diversity. Consequently, not only must the PE teacher focus on the well-established teaching ideas, but also be broad-minded enough to accept diverse opinions and differences in learning. Therefore, this study constructed a physical education learning scale based on the conception of postmodernism to understand whether students are ready for the challenges of learning. A five-step process (literature collection, focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis) was applied to construct a scale with good reliability and validity. First-order and second-order confirmatory factor analyses were carried out on the study results to confirm the four aspects of ‘reflection’, ‘innovation’, ‘diversity’, and ‘criticism’. The 21 questions had good levels of fit and met the criteria for reliability and validity. An overview of the Learning Scale of Postmodern Physical Education (LSOPPE) can be used to drive curricular thinking among teachers and impact students’ learning.
Keywords: Postmodern; Physical education; Learning scale.