Redes vir sportdeelname van hoërskoolleerlinge
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the reasons that motivate high school pupils to participate in sport. Four hundred and seventy eight pupils (211 boys and 267 girls) from four high schools in the Potchefstroom district participated in the study. The Participation Motivation Questionnaire (PMQ) was used. Data analysis was performed using Statistica 2000 for Windows 1998. One-way analyses of variance together with the Tuckey post hoc HSD test were used to indicate differences between variables. Practical significance was established with effect size. The results of the study showed the reasons that motivate youths to participate in sport as: doing something you are good at, develop the body, teamwork, learn new skills and meet new people. The least important reason for participation was to release energy. A factor-analysis was performed and six factors were identified: adventure/pleasure, recognition/achievement, team spirit/affiliation, ability/physical appearance, competition/challenges and energy release. T-tests and a one-way factorial analysis of variance were applied to determine whether gender, race and age had an effect on the reasons for sport participation. The results showed that gender and race had an effect on some of the factors, but not age.
Keywords: sport participation, motives, reasons, youth sport, motivation, participation
South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation Vol. 27(1) 2005: 35-47