Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas <em>Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies</em><span> publishes articles on a wide range of linguistic topics and acts as a forum for research into ALL the languages of southern Africa, including English and Afrikaans. Original contributions are welcomed on any of the core areas of linguistics, both theoretical (e.g. syntax, phonology, semantics) and applied (e.g. sociolinguistic topics, language teaching, language policy). Review articles, short research reports and book reviews are also welcomed. Articles in languages other than English are accompanied by an extended English summary.</span><div><span><br /></span></div><div>Read more <a href="http://www.nisc.co.za/products/16/journals/southern-african-linguistics-and-applied-language-studies" target="_blank">here</a>. </div> en-US Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the publisher. publishing@nisc.co.za (Publishing Manager) SALALS.editor@nisc.co.za (Editorial Office) Sat, 14 May 2022 07:32:25 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Family language policy in post-genocide Matabeleland: The case of a Ndebele family https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225077 <p>This study focuses on the perspectives of parents in a Ndebele heritage language family in post-Gukurahundi Matabeleland in Zimbabwe. Gukurahundi is a codename for a military operation that resulted in the killing of over 20 000 mainly Ndebele speakers in Matabeleland and the Midlands (of Zimbabwe) between 1983 and 1987. The failure by the state to publicly acknowledge and own the genocide has resulted in survivors deploying nuanced strategies in dealing with Gukurahundi inflicted trauma. This article examines how the focal parents’ Gukurahundi language experiences are infused into their explicitly articulated family language policy. The study deploys Tannenbaum’s reconceptualisation of family language policy as a coping and defence mechanism to demonstrate how the parents’ emotional dispositions and orientations towards the use of their Ndebele heritage language as a form of coping strategy are enmeshed with memories of language prejudices experienced during Gukurahundi. The study also exposes how focal parents’ reification of a Ndebelecentred family language policy is emotionally laden, and borders on the proscription of Shona as a defence against the reproduction of post-Gukurahundi state-wide Ndebele marginalisation in the family.</p> Busani Maseko Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225077 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Propaganda as expressed through nouns https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225078 <p>Previous studies have often used a critical discourse approach to analyse propaganda texts. Although the social function of language in propaganda texts is well recognised and researched, the systematic aspect of the language used to fulfil this function seems less well understood. To draw more general conclusions about the way in which nouns are used to express propaganda, systemic functional linguistics was used to analyse texts identified as propaganda. This study is a qualitative study, although a quantitative presentation of the data is also provided. The texts used in the study thematically pertains to former South African president, Jacob Zuma, and are a combination of texts thematically focusing on two controversial South African cases, namely Nkandla and state capture. During Zuma’s term, he was implied in both of these cases. The events enjoyed large-scale media attention and many texts were generated, some of which were pro-Zuma and some of which were against Zuma. Some of the salient findings include: the propaganda text group contains more subjective nouns than the non-propaganda text group. This high number of evaluative terms can be understood with the interpersonal metafunction in mind. For propagandists to attain their aims, they have to invite the receiver of the communication to join their perspective. These nouns are often used in collocations and can be used to create a specific discourse in a society. It is well known that nouns are used for different propaganda techniques, especially for dysphemism, but they can also be used<br>for a specific type of dysphemism, namely self-dysphemism.</p> Ansie Maritz Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225078 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Naming and describing in Tanure Ojaide’s <i>The Fate of Vultures and Other Poems</i> https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225079 <p>This article is a stylistic study of selected poems in Tanure Ojaide’s <em>The Fate of Vultures </em><em>and Other Poems</em>. It sees stylistics as a sub-discipline of applied linguistics, and it adopts a critical stylistic approach, using naming and describing as critical stylistic tools to uncover how ideology and social meaning are encoded by the poet in the selected poems. The study applies the Hallidayan experiential metafunction of the nominal group as a linguistic framework with emphasis on nominal group structure and clause structure. In all, five poems are selected from the collection to allow for a qualitative, detailed and rigorous analysis. Our findings reveal that Ojaide explores more of the deictic + thing + qualifier experiential structural type in the nominal group structure to provide detailed social and ideological meaning inherent in the selected poems. We conclude that naming and describing as critical stylistic tools afford Ojaide a means to encode his resistance, political ideology and social meanings in the selected poems.</p> Goodluck Chinenye Kadiri, Anita Erhuvwu Maledo, Isaiah Ifeanyichukwu Agbo Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225079 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Complex variability and difficulty processing Yoruba relativisers and the relative clause https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225080 <p>The nature of the form, function, meaning and interpretation of relativisers and relative clause structures in Yoruba language is clearly missing in the mainstream literature showing how we map meaning from form and function. This article provides the initial comprehensive outline of the relativisers in Yoruba, the complex mechanism involved in mapping meaning and function from various forms of relativisers in the language. The article then goes on to show that there is an asymmetrical relation between the different variants of the Yoruba relativisers and the internal structure, meaning and interpretation of the ensuing relative clauses. The article thus provides a catalogue of the variability of underlying uses, alternation and combinatory patterning of certain relativisers such as ti, to, ta, eyi and eleyii, including how such issues relate to the development of a varying degree of difficulty accessing and processing the relative clauses. Among other things. the article shows a diverse way of accounting for the variability in the relativiser/relative clause, arguing that the relativiser and relative clauses in Yoruba cannot be processed as those in English. It is argued that relativisers and relative clauses are more pragmatic than semantic, and inherently context-dependent, together with strong relations to intuition for disambiguation and accessibility.</p> Mayowa Akinlotan Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225080 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Patterns of lexical innovation in Nigerian English https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225081 <p>The need for users of English as a second language in Nigeria to fill in the lexical gaps during communication where English has failed has resulted in lexical innovation in Nigerian English. Therefore, to keep communication effective and active, individuals or groups of people in the society create new words, or bend the already existing words in English to bear a ‘local colour’ and content to satisfy communicative needs. This study investigates lexical innovations in Nigerian English and their patterning, and provides explanations to the origin of these lexical items. Some lexical items that have the sociolinguistic features of Nigerian English obtained from market places, school environments and other public places were selected through a purposive sampling technique. Data was gathered through oral interviews, observations, note-taking, and literature related to lexical innovations in languages. The lexical items identified in Nigerian English were analysed along Bamiro’s categorisation processes from the point of view of Sapir-Whorf’s linguistic relativity. It was observed that lexical items in Nigerian English evolved as a result of transfer of meaning and culture, coinages, analogical creations and direct borrowings from indigenous languages.&nbsp;</p> Jane Chinelo Obasi Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225081 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Complementarity of communicative modes on meaning making in Tanzania’s digital telecom marketing: A social semiotic multimodal perspective https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225082 <p>This article examines the complementarity of the communicative modes for making meaning in digital telecom advertisements. Using a social semiotic&nbsp; ultimodal approach in its data analysis, we utilise the metafunction and composition frameworks for the interpretation and discussion. The study shows that advert makers incorporate various modes which represent real-life objects and experiences to promote products and services. The modes establish and reinforce marketing and social relationships between makers and potential customers. In the adverts, visual modes are often elaborated on through texts. In composition, the study shows that advertisers utilise various patterns in organising the modes. The makers also use various compositional properties to indicate the prominence of the modes. In addition, they deploy discrete frames to separate units of information. As such, the combination of all these modes as an integrated system in the digital telecom advertisements enables the makers to negotiate meaning with consumers.</p> Emmanuel Ilonga, Gastor Mapunda Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225082 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Teaching critical literacy in South African English classrooms: Constraints and affordances https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225084 <p>Critical literacy is an approach to teaching that addresses the relationship between language and power. This study sought to ascertain whether or not PGCE (Post-Graduate Certificate in Education) graduates from the University of the Witwatersrand were able to apply what they had learned about critical literacy in their English teaching after graduation and how subjective experience, context and identity can influence the ways that teachers take up critical literacy. Three research participants, one of whom was the researcher, provided data on their experiences of attempting to teach from a critical literacy perspective, one in the form of the author’s auto-ethnographic narratives and two in the form of interviews. Narrative analysis was applied to all three sets of data. The findings<br>suggest that English teachers in South African schools may be constrained by a chronic lack of time, lack of support from colleagues and institutions for the teaching of critical literacy, the overly prescriptive application of the current curriculum and schools’ own particular versions of performativity and accountability cultures. Despite these constraints, teaching critical literacy is eminently possible and efforts to practise critical literacy are aided by cultivating positive relationships with learners.</p> Emma Enslin Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225084 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 <b>Correction</b>: Translation and feminism in post-Islamic revolution Iran: A sociological approach https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225191 <p><strong>First author name and affiliation</strong><br>The first author’s second name is spelled incorrectly. Jalalain should be Jalalian.<br>The first author’s affiliation is Universiti Malaya.</p> <p><br><strong>The first sentence of the abstract</strong><br>With the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, the pre-revolution secular modernisation process was interrupted and, as believed by the liberal activists, the Islamisation of rules and domination of political Islamic views in the society-imposed restrictions on Iranian women increased.</p> <p><strong>should be replaced with the following</strong><br>With the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, the pre-revolution secular modernisation process was interrupted and, as believed by the liberal activists, the Islamisation of rules and domination of political Islamic views in the society imposed restrictions on Iranian women.</p> Ali Jalalian Daghigh, Mohammad Sadegh Kenevisi, Jariah Mohd Jan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225191 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Nodes and networks in diachronic construction grammar https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225085 <p>No Abstract.</p> Feng Xu Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225085 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Developmental and clinical pragmatics https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225086 <p>No Abstract.</p> Yongxiang Yang, Shaopeng Li Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/salas/article/view/225086 Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000