Diagnostic approach to chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be considered to be present if a patient has a glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min or markers of kidney disease that have been present for >3 months. These include proteinuria, haematuria and radiological abnormalities. Regardless of the stage of CKD, the approach is mainly similar. As stated in the South African Renal Society Guidelines for the early detection and management of CKD, early and appropriate investigation and timeous referral of these patients enable one to establish a specific diagnosis; treat reversible diseases; optimise management to slow the progression of CKD; identify and optimally manage comorbid conditions; and plan renal replacement therapy well before the patient develops end-stage kidney disease.
Copyright remains in the Author’s name. The work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Noncommercial Works License. Authors are required to complete and sign an Author Agreement form that outlines Author and Publisher rights and terms of publication. The Agreement form should be uploaded along with other submissions files and any submission will be considered incomplete without it [forthcoming].
Material submitted for publication in the SAMJ is accepted provided it has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Please inform the editorial team if the main findings of your paper have been presented at a conference and published in abstract form, to avoid copyright infringement. The SAMJ does not hold itself responsible for statements made by the authors.
Previously published images
If an image/figure has been previously published, permission to reproduce or alter it must be obtained by the authors from the original publisher and the figure legend must give full credit to the original source. This credit should be accompanied by a letter indicating that permission to reproduce the image has been granted to the author/s. This letter should be uploaded as a supplementary file during submission.