Obsessive compulsive disorder- prevalence in Xhosaspeaking schizophrenia patients

  • Dana JH Niehaus
  • Liezl Koen
  • Jacqueline Muller
  • Claudine Laurent
  • Dan J Stein
  • Christine Lochner
  • Soraya Seedat
  • Irene Mbanga
  • Jean-Francois Deleuze
  • Jacques Mallet
  • Robin A Emsley


Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) has been reported in up to 31% of  schizophrenia sufferers. This study evaluated the presence of OCD in a  Xhosa-speaking schizophrenia group. Xhosa patients (N = 509, including 100  sibships) with schizophrenia were recruited from hospital and community settings. The patients underwent a structured clinical interview for the presence  of lifetime co-morbid schizo-phrenia and OCD. Only 3 patients (0.5%) fulfilled criteria for OCD. No concordance for OCD was noted in the  sibship group. Our findings differ from those in other parts of the world, and if replicated, might suggest unique protective environmental or genetic factors  for OCD in certain ethnic groups.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0256-95749
print ISSN: 2078-5135