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Case Report<br>Complete resolution of apparently definite radiological and histological usual interstitial pneumonia

D Simon
BW Allwood
CFN Koegelenberg


Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is considered to be the most common form of pulmonary fibrosis. It is a progressive and irreversible disease with a reported median survival of ~3 years. The pathological correlate is usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), and although antifibrotic agents can slow down lung function decline, they do not completely reverse the disease process. To date, there have been no case reports describing reversal of UIP. We present a case where both the imaging and histology were compatible with definite UIP, yet it reversed with immunosuppressive therapy without the use of antifibrotic agents.

S Afr Med J 2018;108(9):726-728