Determinants of mortality in Nigerian children with severe anaemia
AbstractBackground. Severe anaemia (haemoglobin concentration <50 g/l) is a
major cause of paediatric hospital admissions and deaths in the tropics.
Objectives.To examine the pattern and predictors of mortality
among severely anaemic children.
Methods. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted among children with severe anaemia at the Children’s Emergency Room of the University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Sociodemographic
characteristics, clinical features, laboratory findings and co-morbidities of the survivors and those who died were compared by logistic regression analysis.
Results. Of the 1 735 children admitted, 311 (17.9%) had severe
anaemia, with a case-fatality rate of 9.3%. The presence of respiratory
distress (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1 - 3.6, p=0.031); acidosis
(95% CI 1.8 - 2.7, p=0.010); coma (95% CI 0.1 - 0.3, p=0.001);
hypotension (95% CI 2.0 - 4.2, p=0.020); and bacteraemia (95% CI 3.1
- 3.9; p=0.008) were the significant independent predictors of death
with regression analysis.
Conclusion. Early recognition with prompt and appropriate anticipatory intervention is essential to reduce mortality from severe anaemia.
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