Intraoperative cell salvage in South Africa: Feasible, beneficial and economical
AbstractBackground. Healthcare services in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) frequently experience shortages of blood products. Alternatives to traditional blood sources are needed. One possibility is cell salvage and autologous blood transfusion. Few data exist relating to their use in the South African context.
Objectives. To ascertain whether cell salvage (CS) is beneficial, feasible and economical in our setting, with the anticipation that results would excite further studies and potentially change current practice and improve existing protocols.
Methods. This study reviewed current intraoperative Cell Saver use at Grey’s and Edendale hospitals in Pietermaritzburg, KZN. Current practices were observed and compared with the costs of the equivalent amount of red cell concentrate (RCC) purchased from the South African National Blood Service (SANBS). All cases of Cell Saver usage over a 1-year period from July 2012 to June 2013 were analysed.
Results. The total volume of blood transfused from CS was 55 735 ml, approximately equivalent to 186 RCC units. The comparative cost of equivalent units of RCC from SANBS was R258 445. The total cost of Cell Saver disposables during the study period was R206 047, or R263 478 when Cell Saver machine depreciation costs were included. More than one CS blood unit was available for transfusion in 66% of cases. No additional staff were required to operate the Cell Saver, which was successfully used by medical officers.
Conclusions. This study showed that intraoperative CS use is feasible, has potential patient benefit by reducing blood bank blood transfusion, and is financially comparable to purchasing the equivalent number of SANBS RCC.
Copyright remains in the Author’s name. The work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Noncommercial Works License. Authors are required to complete and sign an Author Agreement form that outlines Author and Publisher rights and terms of publication. The Agreement form should be uploaded along with other submissions files and any submission will be considered incomplete without it [forthcoming].
Material submitted for publication in the SAMJ is accepted provided it has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Please inform the editorial team if the main findings of your paper have been presented at a conference and published in abstract form, to avoid copyright infringement. The SAMJ does not hold itself responsible for statements made by the authors.
Previously published images
If an image/figure has been previously published, permission to reproduce or alter it must be obtained by the authors from the original publisher and the figure legend must give full credit to the original source. This credit should be accompanied by a letter indicating that permission to reproduce the image has been granted to the author/s. This letter should be uploaded as a supplementary file during submission.