Methods for injury surveillance in international cricket
Introduction. Varying methods of cricket injury surveillance projects have made direct comparison of published studies in this field impossible.
Methods. A consensus regarding definitions and methods to calculate injury rates in cricket was sought between researchers in this field. This was arrived at through a variety of face-to-face meetings, email communication and draft reviews between researchers from six of the major cricket-playing nations.
Results. It is recommended that a cricket injury is defined as any injury or other medical condition that either: 1) prevents a player from being fully available for selection for a major match or 2) during a major match, causes a player to be unable to bat, bowl or keep wicket when required by either the rules or the teams captain. Recommended definitions for injury incidence (for matches, training sessions and seasons) and injury prevalence are also provided. It is proposed that match injury incidence is calculated using a denominator based on a standard time estimated for player exposure in matches, for the purposes of simplicity. This will allow all injury surveillance systems, including those with limited resources, to make calculations according to a standard definition.
Conclusion. The consensus statement presented provides a standard which, if followed, allows meaningful comparison of injury surveillance data from different countries and time periods, which will assist in the possible identification of risk factors for injury in cricket.