Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science

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Strength and stiffness capacity utilisation of timber members in roof truss structures

C Brand Wessels, Nils-Olaf Petersen


The main objective of this study was to determine which property, of the six strength and stiffness properties used in structural timber design, was the most influential in the design of nail-plated roof trusses. Thirty recently completed nail-plated roof truss designs were randomly selected from three roof truss manufacturing plants and a total of 8 758 individual truss members were analysed for bending stress, shear stress parallel to grain, tensile stress parallel to grain, compression stress parallel to grain and deflection. The mean strength and stiffness capacity utilised of all the different design properties was well below 50% for all of the different dimension classes. Of all the individual strength properties, the mean bending strength capacity utilised per member was found to be the highest. The results of this study can be used for decision support related to wood property evaluation throughout the structural lumber value chain where roof truss members are the end products.

Keywords: compression strength, MOE, MOR, nail-plated, shear strength, tension strength

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