Pattern and Risk Factors of Urinary Bladder Neoplasms in Sudanese patients in Khartoum State, Sudan

  • NE Husain
  • AI Shumo


Background: Urinary bladder neoplasm (UBN) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rate. It poses biologic and clinical challenges. Objectives: To evaluate the pattern as regards frequency, age, sex, occupation, local geographical distribution, clinical presentations and risk factors of UBN in Sudanese patients in Khartoum State. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted in the period from January 2004 through December 2005 at three centres in Khartoum State. One hundred and six patients with urinary bladder neoplasms were included in the study. Results: The commonest affected age group was 60-80 years with male to female ratio 4.6:1. Urinary bladder neoplasms have some ethno-geographic variations in Sudan. The majority of these patients were from the Northern and Western regions. Conclusion: There is significant relationship between urinary schistosomal infestation and the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder among Sudanese patients.

Keywords: Urinary Bladder, Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Sudan Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 3 (3) 2008: pp. 211-218

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eISSN: 1858-5051