Mixed Infection of Notodres cati and Ancylostoma caninum Among Captive Lions (Panthera leo) at the Sanda Kyarimi Park, Maiduguri, Nigeria
A mixed infection of Notodres cati and Ancylostoma caninum was recorded among captive lions (Panthera leo) at the Sanda Kyarimi Park in Maiduguri, Nigeria. All of the 7 lions (3 adults and 4 cubs) examined in the Park were infested with the mite, Notodres cati. While, 5 (71.4%) out of the 7 examined were shedding A. caninum ova in their faeces. Faecal egg counts were significantly higher (p<0.05) among the cubs than the adult lions. All the cubs, 4 (100%) were infected and they manifested various degrees of emaciation, pallor of mucous membranes, prolonged capillary refill time and melena. Meanwhile, out of the 4 females examined, (2 adults and 2 cubs), 3 (75%) were infected and had significantly higher epg (p<0.05) as compared to the 3 males (1 adult and 2 cubs).The results of this study highlights the need to protect lions, particularly cubs in captivity against helminth by sustained and prompt anthelmintic medication coupled with good sanitary conditions especially during the early and most susceptible periods of their life.
Keywords: Mixed infection, lions, Sanda Kyarimi Park, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Sahel Journal of Veterinary Sciences Vol. 5 (1) 2006 pp. 5-8