An Assessment of the Availability and Utilization of Toilet Facilities at Alanamu Ward, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.

  • RA Olawoye Ministry of Health, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • AO Awoyemi Department of Epidemiology & Community Health, University of Ilorin, Ilorin Nigeria

Abstract

The study assessed the availability of toilet facilities in Alanamu Ward of Ilorin, the capital city of Kwara State of Nigeria. It also critically appraised the utilization of the toilets and factors affecting both availability and utilization. Heads of households or their representatives in 112 houses selected by systematic random sampling were interviewed.

One hundred and ten of the questionnaires were found suitable for analysis. Results obtained showed that people in Alanamu use other methods beside the toilet for defaecation and excreta disposal. These other methods include refuse dumping sites, bush at backyard of houses, bowls and the surroundings.

Factors such as accessibility, education, culture and socio-economy have strong influence on toilet availability and utilization in Alanamu.

Recommendations were made in order to improve latrine conditions and excreta disposal generally. There is also an urgent need for further research, particularly, KAP survey of people on excreta disposal and its health implications.

Sahel Med. J. Vol.5(4) 2002: 199-203
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