Nutritional pattern and its relationship with lipids level in a sample of Cameroonian type 2 diabetes subjects

  • MS Caroline Nutritional and Food Research Centre/Institute of Medical Research and Medicinal Plant, Yaoundé, PO Box 6163 Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • E Oben Julius Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaoundé, PO Box 8046, Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • M Jean Claude University of Yaoundé, PO Box 8046, Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • E Francois Xavier University of Yaoundé, PO Box 8046, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, Nutrition therapy

Abstract

Aim: To assess the nutritional pattern of Cameroonian diabetics and its relationship to lipid profile. Methodology: The nutritional status and nutrient intake of type 2 diabetes patients in Cameroon was determined using seven days food diaries. Results: The median daily energy intake of these patients was found to be between 2119.27kcal and 2405.43kcal for women and men. The derivation of this energy from the different macronutrient groups was as follow: lipids, 30.2-32.37%; saturated fatty acids, 9.20-9.84%; carbohydrates, 50.68-53.11%; proteins, 15.31-16.80%, alcohol, 0-3.3%. A significant number (48.9%) of subjects had fasting blood glucose levels lower than 7.4mmol/l, while 92.77% had total cholesterol lower than 200mg/dl. Subjects (87. 95%) had HDL-cholesterol higher than 35mg/dl, while 74,59% had total triglycerides lower than 200mg/dl. Conclusion: The lipid profile of the majority of type 2 diabetes subjects studied in Cameroon was normal, suggesting that dietary management of type 2 diabetes in these subjects was effective.
Keywords: type 2 diabetes, nutrition therapy
Sahel Medical Journal Vol. 8(1) 2005: 1-3
Published
2005-08-26
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1118-8561