Sahel Medical Journal

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Nutritional pattern and its relationship with lipids level in a sample of Cameroonian type 2 diabetes subjects

MS Caroline, E Oben Julius, M Jean Claude, E Francois Xavier


Aim: To assess the nutritional pattern of Cameroonian diabetics and its relationship to lipid profile.
Methodology: The nutritional status and nutrient intake of type 2 diabetes patients in Cameroon was determined using seven days food diaries.
Results: The median daily energy intake of these patients was found to be between 2119.27kcal and 2405.43kcal for women and men. The derivation of this energy from the different macronutrient groups was as follow: lipids, 30.2-32.37%; saturated fatty acids, 9.20-9.84%; carbohydrates, 50.68-53.11%; proteins, 15.31-16.80%, alcohol, 0-3.3%. A significant number (48.9%) of subjects had fasting blood glucose levels lower than 7.4mmol/l, while 92.77% had total cholesterol lower than 200mg/dl. Subjects (87. 95%) had HDL-cholesterol higher than 35mg/dl, while 74,59% had total triglycerides lower than 200mg/dl.
Conclusion: The lipid profile of the majority of type 2 diabetes subjects studied in Cameroon was normal, suggesting that dietary management of type 2 diabetes in these subjects was effective.
Keywords: type 2 diabetes, nutrition therapy
Sahel Medical Journal Vol. 8(1) 2005: 1-3
AJOL African Journals Online