Occurrence and molecular detection of avian coronavirus in selected live bird markets, northwestern, Nigeria

  • I . Bitrus
  • I. Shittu
  • C.A. Meseko
  • T.M. Joannis
Keywords: Infectious bronchitis virus, Live bird markets (LBMs), Molecular detection, Nigeria, Poultry

Abstract

Infectious bronchitis (IB) is one of the most common highly infectious viral respiratory diseases of poultry having wide geographical  distribution. Yet, little is known about the infection in the northwestern states of Nigeria. In this study, a total of 263 pooled cloacal and tracheal swab samples were collected from apparently healthy avian species (duck, dove, geese, guinea fowl, local chicken, ostrich, parrot, pigeon, peacock, and turkey). The samples were from nine live bird markets in three states (Kaduna, Kano and Jigawa) of northwestern,  Nigeria collected from September through November 2017. Total RNAs were extracted directly from the swab samples and screened for infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. An overall prevalence of 38.0% (100/263)
was recorded. IB was detected in 70 % (7/10) of the avian species with prevalence of 100 % in dove, local chicken 45.9 %, duck 42.3 %, geese 26.6 %, pigeon 23.5 %, turkey 20.0 % and guinea fowl 6.2 %. Conversely, no detection was made from ostrich, parrot, and peacock.  Widespread distribution of IBV was observed and evidence of subclinical infection in seven out of ten (70 %) of the avian species sampled. These avian species harbouring IBV may act as reservoirs with an influence on the ecology and epidemiology of the disease. Continuous surveillance and characterization of the different serotypes in avian species are recommended to inform the adoption of suitable  vaccination strategy and control measures for the disease in Nigeria.

Keywords: Infectious bronchitis virus, Live bird markets (LBMs), Molecular detection, Nigeria, Poultry

Published
2021-02-18
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1595-093X
print ISSN: 1595-093X