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Prevalence and associated factors of family planning among students of health training institutes in Juba: A cross sectional descriptive study

Akway Cham
Rita Tulba
Lueth Garang
Abdallah Malual
Tumalu Angok
Achol Ajuet
Aldo Kuot
Donato Akuei


Introduction: Family planning (FP) is less prevalent in South Sudan yet information on the subject is scarce and varied from one source to another. This study assessed the prevalence and associated factors in family planning among students at health science training institutes in Juba City.

Method: This was a cross-sectional survey of students’ self-reported utilisation of FP methods. Four hundred randomly selected students from five health training institutes (HTIs) in Juba City participated. Data collection was done using a pretested structured questionnaire. IBM SPSS 23 software was used for data analysis. Chi squared tests and regression analyses were performed to determine the associated factors.

Results: Among the 400 participants, the lifetime prevalence of FP methods was 77.3%, of which modern contraceptive use was 22%. FP was more prevalent among participants aged 45-50 (85.7%) and females (80.7%). Eighty-seven percent of divorced couples and 91.3% of traditional believers reported practicing FP. More nursing/midwifery cadres within the professional category reported practicing FP, as well as 90.4% of rural respondents. Eighty-three percent of respondents working in pharmacies said they practice FP, compared to 68.1% of those working in clinics. FP practice was similar among participants who were aware (78.9%) and those who denied being aware (72.5%). Marital status (p < 0.001), religion (p < 0.001), residence (p < 0.001), and place of work (p = 0.037) were significantly associated with FP.

Conclusion: The prevalence of family planning among students at Health Training Institutes in Juba City is high compared to national estimates, but the contraceptive overall prevalence rate is still low. It is significantly associated with marital status, religion, residence, and place of work. There is a need to continue the effort.

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eISSN: 2309-4613
print ISSN: 2309-4605