Preliminary Qualitative Phytochemical Screening of Edible Mushroom Hypsizygus ulmarius
AbstractMushrooms are white rot fungi regarded as one of the well known food and possessing various kinds of biopharmaceuticals compounds. The present study aimed for screening and determining the bioactive compounds present in edible mushroom Hypsizygus ulmarius. Hypsizygus ulmarius was analyzed for total ash, water soluble extractive value, alcohol soluble extractive value and moisture content and which was found to be 4.31, 2.8, 0.4 and 10.4% /5gm of the sample powder respectively with light flourescene characters. Qualitative phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, phenolics, saponins, tannins, glycosides, carbohydrates and proteins. Total phenolic and flavonoid content of Hypsizygus ulmarius was found to be 30.5mg pyrocatechol and 32.24mg Quercetin equivalent /g of dry mushroom powder respectively. Hypsizygus ulmarius may be considered as good source phytochemicals that can be used in pharmaceutical, medical and food additives (antioxidant). Furthermore, screening and characterization of secondary metabolites is warranted.
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