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Roles et taches des accompagnateurs des patients hospitalises dans le service de pneumo-phtysiologie au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouedraogo de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

SM Ouedraogo, KA Sondo, CG Kyelem, Y Sanou, G Badoum, M Ouedraogo, YJ Drabo

Abstract


La penurie en ressources humaines de sante est un pbenomene universe! et 1' Afrique n'est pas en reste. Cette etude vise a etudier les types de soutien apporte par l'accompagnateur des patients hospitalises et les taches qui leur sont assignees dans le service de pneumo-phtysiologie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Y algado Ouedraogo. 11 s'est agit d'une etude transversale, a passage multiples eta visee descriptive, couvrant la periode du l"'juillet au 31 decembre 2012. La contribution aux soins tels la surveillance des perfusions, 1' administration des medicaments, le depot et retrait des bilans de sante, le nursing etaient rapportes a des taux respectifs de 100 %, 78 %, 89 %, 79 %. Le soutien logistique represente par le soutien materiel, l'approvisionnement en medicaments, le nettoyage des locaux, le brancardage, occupaient des taux respectifs de 100 %, 91 %, 42% et 73 %. La sollicitation fmanciere et le soutien psychologique de 1' accompagnateur ont ete soulignes respectivement dans 68 % et 96 % des cas. Les patients hospitalises souffraient de pathologies infectieuses dans la moitie des cas. Et 72 % des accompagnateurs assistaient des patients seropositifs au Vlli dans la meconnaissance totale de leur serologie. Une sensibilisation ala prevention des infections des accompagnateurs de patients reste indispensable.

Mots-cles : accompagnateur, rOle, tache, Pneumo-phtysiologie, Burkina Faso.


Roles and tasks of hospitalized patients' accompanists in the PneumoPhtysiology Department of Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado OUEDRAOGO, Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)


The shortage of health human resources is a universal phenomenon and Africa is no exception. This study aims to investigate the types of support provided by  hospitalized patients accompanists and their assigned tasks in the Pneumo-Phtysiology department of Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Y algado OUEDRAOGO, Ouagadougou, Burkina-Faso. It is about a cross-sectional study with multiple passages and descriptive aims covering the period from 1 July to 31 December 2012.  Accompanists contribution to health cares such as supervision of perfusions, medication administration, deposit and withdrawal of health checkups, and nursing were reported at respective rates of 100%, 78%, 89%, 79%. Logistical support represented by material support, drug supply, cleaning of premises, and littering occupied respectively 100%, 91%, 42% and 73%. Accompanists financial solicitations and psychological support were noticed in respectively 68% and 96% of cases. Half of Hospitalized patients were suffering from infectious diseases. And 72% of accompanists attended HIV infected patients in total ignorance of their status. A sensitization about infection prevention with patients' accompanists remains indispensable.


Keywords: Accompanists, role, tasks, Pneumo-phtysiology, Burkina Faso.




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