Rapid Assessment of Polio Virus Antibodies Prevalence Amongst Children in Kano State, North West Nigeria

  • KM Yusuf
  • DE Jatau
  • S Olonotola
  • E Yakubu
  • AB Suleiman
  • A Nuhu
  • G Zubairu
  • AE Yahaya
Keywords: Kano, Prevalence, Children and Polio-antibody

Abstract

The completion of poliomyelitis eradication is a global health emergency which must be pursued with vigour. Kano state has remained one of the epicenters for polio virus outbreaks in northern Nigeria. There is paucity of information as it relates to polio antibody prevalence amongst children in the state. Periodic serologic assessment is needed to determine the quality and effectiveness of routine vaccination campaigns carried in the state to rapidly build immunity against poliovirus. Children were randomly selected throughout the state for the assessment between Sept. 2013 and Jan. 2014. Blood samples were collected from eighty children and tested for the presence of antibodies to the three poliovirus serotypes. Indirect ELISA was used to rapidly screen for the antibodies. Epi Info 3.5.4 version was used for the data analysis. Out of the samples collected, 61 (76.3%) had antibodies to all the serotypes. While 73 (91.3%), 66 (82.5%) and 72 (90%) had antibodies to virus serotypes 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Age of the children, number of doses the children had taken and educational level of the children’s fathers were statistically significant risk factors on the prevalence of poliovirus antibodies. Access to immunization services must be improved in urban and rural areas so as to effectively reach a large number of children in those places. Effective and high quality campaigns are needed so that every eligible child is reached. Greater focus on good mobilization is also needed to reach children in households in rural areas as well as in households with children whose fathers’ educational level was low.

Keywords: Kano, Prevalence, Children and Polio-antibody

Published
2015-07-29
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1597-6343