High prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria among Human Immunodeficiency Virus seropositive population in the Lake Victoria zone, Tanzania

  • Domenica Morona Catholic University of Health & Allied Sciences
  • Maria Zinga Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Mariam Mirambo Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Said Mtawazi Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Vitus Silago Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Stephen Mshana Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
Keywords: malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, HIV/AIDS, Tanzania

Abstract

Malaria and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infections are major public health problems in Sub-Saharan Africa. Their overlapping geographical distribution and co-existence often result into high morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to establish the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria among HIV infected populations. A cross-sectional hospital-based study involving 250 plasma samples from HIV seropositive individuals was conducted in July 2017 at the Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania.  Socio-demographic and other relevant information were extracted from a pre-existing database. Detection of malaria antigens was carried out using the immune-chromatographic test. The mean age of the study participants was 40.0±13.5 years.  The prevalence of P. falciparum was 22.4% (95% CI: 17-27%). None of the factors under study was found to be associated with P. falciparum infection among HIV infected individuals. The prevalence of P. falciparum was high among HIV seropositive individuals in the Lake Victoria Zone, which calls for additional control interventions targeting this group.

Author Biographies

Domenica Morona, Catholic University of Health & Allied Sciences
Senior lecturer Parasitology
Maria Zinga, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
lecturer Parasitology
Mariam Mirambo, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
Senior Lecturer Microbiology
Said Mtawazi, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
Student BMLS
Vitus Silago, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
Laboratory Scientist Microbiology
Stephen Mshana, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences
Deputy Vice Chancellor ARC
Published
2018-03-01
How to Cite
MoronaD., ZingaM., MiramboM., MtawaziS., SilagoV., & MshanaS. (2018). High prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria among Human Immunodeficiency Virus seropositive population in the Lake Victoria zone, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.4314/thrb.v20i1.
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1821-9241
print ISSN: 1821-6404