Impact of insecticide treated mosquito nets and low dose monthly diethylcarbamazine on lymphatic filariasis infection between 1999 and 2004 in two endemic communities of north-eastern Tanzania

  • Martha M. Lemnge Tanga Medical Research Centre, Tanga
  • Bruno P. Mmbando Tanga Research Centre, Tanga
  • Method D. Segeja Tanga Research Centre, Tanga
  • Samwel Gesase Korogwe Medical Research Station, Korogwe
  • Ib C. Bygbjerg University of Copenhagen
Keywords: Diethylcarbamazine, lymphatic filariasis, insecticide mosquito nets, Tanzania

Abstract

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is among the poverty related neglected tropical diseases earmarked for elimination using mass drug administration (MDA) strategy. Additional use of insecticide treated mosquito nets (ITNs) might enhance elimination of LF infection. Between August 1998 and July 1999, all individuals aged ≥ 8 months from Magoda and Mpapayu villages in north-eastern Tanzania, were administered with monthly low dose diethylcarbamazine (DEC) at a dosage of 50mg in children aged < 15 years and 100mg in adults aged ≥ 15 years. ITNs were also distributed to Magoda in December 1998 and to Mpapayu in March 2001. The main objective of our study was to assess the impact of ITNs and low dose DEC on microfilaria (mf) prevalence and intensity and incidence of new mf infections. Four annual cross-sectional surveys were conducted between 1999 and 2004 in the two villages to screen for Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae in individuals aged ≥ 1 year. Overall, 80% of the population in Magoda and 66% in Mpapayu were covered during these surveys. Results revealed a significant decrease in both mf prevalence and intensity in both villages. Furthermore, there was a steady decrease in mf incidence in Magoda; with 36.7 cases per 1000 person years in 2000 and 7.4 in 2004.  In Mpapayu, the incidence initially increased from 20.8 cases in 2000 to 24.3 in 2001 and then decreased to 7.2 cases in 2004.  Individuals using ITNs in Magoda had significantly lower risk of mf (OR=0.681; 95%CI: 0.496-0.934); and the risk of new infections was reduced by 58.8% (95%CI: 30.3-75.4). These results suggest that when MDA is complemented with ITNs there is high likelihood to half filariasis transmission within a shorter period than using chemotherapy alone.
Published
2012-08-07
How to Cite
LemngeM. M., MmbandoB. P., SegejaM. D., GesaseS., & BygbjergI. C. (2012). Impact of insecticide treated mosquito nets and low dose monthly diethylcarbamazine on lymphatic filariasis infection between 1999 and 2004 in two endemic communities of north-eastern Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 14(3). https://doi.org/10.4314/thrb.v14i3.2
Section
Articles

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