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Nigerian Journal of Animal Science

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Haematology, serum and organ weight of broiler chickens fed boiled mucuna sloanei seed meal treated with enzyme

U.E. Ewa, O.O. Adedokun, J.C. Ezike, R.S. Onabanjo, S.A. Eburuaja, S.N. Ukachukwu, M.C. Ugwuene

Abstract


The haematology, serum and organ weight of broiler chickens fed boiled Mucunasloanei seed meal mixed with enzyme was investigated. The experiment was conducted with140 Anak broiler chickens divided into 3 treatments of 3 replicates and 10 birds per replicate. Birds fed diet 2 {7.5% boiled Mucuna mixed with enzyme (BME)} had higher final body weight of 2216.70g. The test diets gave lower total feed in-take value that was significantly (P< 0.05) lower than that of the control. Diet 2 (D2) gave the bestfeed-to-gain ratio (1.72) that was significantly (P<0.05) different from those of the control (2.09), diet 3 (D3)(2.08) and diet 4(2.27). For the carcass characteristics, D2 compared favourably with the control for percent dressed weight and back cut. The control had the lowest value for kidney and gizzard weights while D3 had the lowest weight of spleen. Serum albumin, urea, and creatinine were significantly (P<0.05) affected. Diet 2 and 3 had a higher (P<0.05) than that of the control diet (2.67g/dl. Diet 2 had urea content (19.66mg/dl that was lower (P<0.05) than those of diet3 (23.67mg/dl) and 4(25.67mg/dl) but compared with that of the control diet919.00mg/dl). For creatinine value D3and D4 compared with D1 but significantly (p<0.05) lower than D2.Urea concentration was increased as the percentage inclusion of MSS boiled and mixed with Maxi-grain enzyme increased from 0 to 12.5%. In conclusion, 7.5% of boiled Mucuna sloanei seed meal treated with enzyme (Maxi-grain) is recommended for inclusion in broiler ration since the birds placed on this ration were able to perform better than those fed with the conventional soya meal based ration.

Keyword: mucuna haematology, serum, organ, broiler chicken, Maxi-grain




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