Asymptomatic genital infection among pregnant women in Sagamu, Nigeria.
Background: Untreated genital tract infections in pregnancy may be associated with adverse effects on foetal and maternal health leading to poor pregnancy outcome.
Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and microbial isolates associated with asymptomatic genital infectionsin pregnancy.
Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study on 252 pregnant women attending their first antenatal clinic. Data on socio-demographic characteristics of study participants was recorded. Microbial culture was carried out on High Vaginal and Endocervical swab samples. Statistical analysis was done using IBM-SPSS Windows version 20.
Results: The prevalence of asymptomatic genital infection was 44.8%. Multiparity had statistically significant association with increased prevalence of the condition. Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus were the most predominant microbial isolates. Erythromycin and Levofloxacin were the most sensitive antibiotics against the bacterial isolates.
Conclusion: This prevalence of asymptomatic genital infectionsis high in pregnant women in Sagamu. It is recommended that routine screening and treatment of these infections should be included in the antenatal clinic services offered to pregnant women so as to prevent the adverse foetal and maternal effects associated with asymptomatic genital infections in pregnancy.
Keywords: Genital infection, Pregnancy, Asymptomatic, Sagamu.
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