Psychiatric morbidity among pregnant women with hypertensive disorders - a comparative study.

  • DA Adekanle
  • KO Adebayo
  • AO Fasanu
  • OE Abidoye
Keywords: Hypertension, pregnancy, depression, and screening.

Abstract

Objective: To compare psychiatry morbidity among normotensive and hypertensive (cases) pregnant women and their socio-demographic correlates.
Method: It was a cross-sectional descriptive study using The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) at antenatal clinic of Ladoke Akintola University Teaching Hospital, South-western Nigeria by interviewer assisted over six months period (October 2013 to March 2014.)
Results: One hundred and eighteen hypertensive and one hundred and twenty two normotensive pregnant women were recruited for the study. The two groups were comparable in age, gestational age at booking, gestational age at point of interview and years of marriage. The prevalence of depressive illness is higher among the hypertensive group compared to the normotensive pregnant women.
Conclusion: Prevalence of depression is significantly higher among hypertensive pregnant women compared with normotensive group. These results warrant the need to screen pregnant women for psychiatric morbidity, more especially the hypertensive women to optimize better maternal and perinatal outcome.

Keywords: Hypertension, pregnancy, depression, and screening.

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eISSN: 0189-5117