A decade of instrumental vaginal deliveries in Jos University Teaching Hospital, North Central Nigeria (2007–2016)

  • P.H. Daru
  • C Egbodo
  • M Suleiman
  • I.H. Shambe
  • A.F. Magaji
  • S Ochejele
Keywords: Complications, forceps, instrumental vaginal delivery, North Central Nigeria, outcomes, trends, vacuum delivery


Background: Instrumental vaginal deliveries are witnessing a steady decline despite its usefulness in improving obstetric outcomes in resource‑limited settings. This decline in instrumental deliveries is enhanced by dearth of information on good outcomes thereby making its use unpopular among younger generations of obstetricians. The study was aimed at determining the rate of instrumental deliveries and associated outcomes in Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH).

Materials and Methods: This study was a 10‑year retrospective hospital‑based study carried out between January 2007 and December 2016 in JUTH which compared the use of vacuum extractors and forceps to effect vaginal deliveries and the delivery outcomes encountered following such deliveries.

Results: Of the 16,614 deliveries during the study period, 71 were instrumental vaginal deliveries with an incidence of 0.4% for the study period. Vacuum accounted for 97.2% of the deliveries and forceps 2.8%. Prolonged second stage was the indication for instrumental delivery in 85.9% of parturients and there were no significant differences in Apgar scores between babies that had instrumental deliveries and those that did not. Age and parity were not significantly associated with instrumental deliveries. The instrumental delivery rates were, however, significantly lower than earlier reports from this center, and that globally recommended.

Conclusion: Instrumental vaginal deliveries are fast declining in JUTH and the few instrumental deliveries carried out showed a faster decline in forceps deliveries. Efforts have to be made to revive the art of instrumental vaginal delivery in the center to save it from extinction.

Keywords: Complications; forceps; instrumental vaginal delivery; North Central Nigeria; outcomes; trends; vacuum delivery


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0189-5117