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Assessing the insecticidal impact of rosemary essential oils on the saw-toothed grain beetle <i>Oryzeaphilus surinamensis</i>

Abir Soltani
Soumaya Haouel-Hamdi
Insaf Ajmi
Maha Ben Abada
Tasnim Djebbi
Hadhami Chargui
Imen Mathlouthi
Amina Laabidi
Hela Mahmoudi
Jouda Mediouni- Ben Jemâa


This work studied the fumigant toxicity of free and encapsulated rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) essential oils against adults of the saw-toothed grain beetle (Oryzeaphilus surinamensis) for three storage periods: 30, 45 and 60 days. Chitosan was used as encapsulation matrix. GC/MS analysis results showed that camphor and 1,8-cineole were the major components with respectively 18.04% and 39.67%. Mortality rates caused by the essential oils at 300 μL/L air after 10 days of storage were about 85.48%. The median lethal concentration (LC50) was 124.80 μL/ L air. Encapsulation efficacy was 25.8% and loading capacity was 1.9%. Encapsulated essential oils achieved an efficacy of 82%, 100% and 100% respectively after 30, 45 and 60 days of storage. Reference treatment with Phosphine revealed a toxicity of 100%, 96% and 71% after 30, 45 and 60 days of storage respectively. Results showed that encapsulated essential oils caused a very slight modification on semolina properties. Protein contents decreased at the end of the storage period less than 1% (from 13.61% after 30 days to 12.91% after 60 days of storage). Encapsulated essential oils might be considered as an alternative fumigant control way for semolina without deterioration of its quality during storage.

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eISSN: 2490-4368
print ISSN: 1737-5436