Analysis of Essential and Toxic Elements in Jujube Fruits Collected from Different Locations in China

  • Q Yan
  • Y Liu
  • L Yang


Purpose: To develop a simple and precise method for the determination of the levels of both essential and toxic elements in jujube collected from different locations in China.
Methods: Dried jujube fruits collected were digested by optimized  microwave procedure. Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry was employed to evaluate essential elements, viz, calcium, magnesium, manganese, iron and copper (Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe and Cu) and toxic elements, namely, aluminum, lead and cadmium (Al, Pb and Cd) in four jujube fruits.
Results: The results show that the jujube fruits were rich in essential  elements and had low contents of toxic elements. The levels of the elements varied significantly amongst the four jujube fruits (p . 0.05).
Method validation indicates that the proposed method was accurate and precision. The detection limits were 0.0005 - 0.0100 µg/mL while recovery ranged from 91.6 - 105.0%, with relative standard deviation (RSD) . 5%.
Conclusion: Five essential elements and two toxic elements (except cadmium) varied widely in their contents in the four jujube fruits.  Knowledge of the contents of these elements would provide consumers
with information on the quality of jujube fruits.

Keywords: Jujube fruits, Essential and toxic elements, Microware digestion, Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1596-9827
print ISSN: 1596-5996