Main Analytical Techniques Used for Elemental Analysis in Various Matrices

  • ABM Helaluddin
  • Reem Saadi Khalid
  • Mohamed Alaama
  • Syed Atif Abbas
Keywords: Heavy metals, Analytical methods, Elemental spectroscopic analysis, Sample matrices, Health and environmental hazards

Abstract

Heavy metal pollution is a serious environmental problem. The presence of such metals in different areas of an ecosystem subsequently leads to the contamination of consumable products such as dietary and processed materials. Accurate monitoring of metal concentrations in various samples is of importance in order to minimize health hazards resulting from exposure to such toxic substances. For this purpose, it is essential to have a general understanding of the basic principles for different methods of elemental analysis. This article provides an overview of the most sensitive techniques of elemental analysis such as atomic absorption/emission spectrometry, mass spectrometry, x-ray fluorescence, voltametry, and nuclear techniques. In addition, the article addresses some applications in a range of sample matrices.

Keywords: Heavy metals, Analytical methods, Elemental spectroscopic analysis, Sample matrices, Health and environmental hazards

Published
2016-03-04
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1596-9827
print ISSN: 1596-5996