Tricyclic Neovibsanin Scaffold Inhibits Glioma by Targeting Glioma-Initiating Cells
Purpose: To investigate the effect of tricyclic neovibsanin scaffold (TCNS) on cell viability, colony formation capacity and induction of apoptosis in glioma cells.
Methods: 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2, 5-diphe¬nyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to analyze the effect of TCNS on cell proliferation. Light microscopic examination of giemsa solution stained cells was used to calculate the number of colonies with > 50 cells. Flow cytometry using a flow cytometer, while apoptosis detection kit were used to analyze induction of apoptosis.
Results: TCNS treatment significantly inhibited the viability of U138 NS and U138 AC cells in a concentration-dependent manner (p < 0.05). TCNS caused 86 % reduction in the capacity of U138 NS cells to form colonies and led to significant induction of apoptosis. The activation of caspase 3 and expression of Bax was increased significantly (p < 0.05). Moreover, TCNS treatment increased the median survival time of mice bearing glioma to 34 days compared to 22 days in untreated mice.
Conclusion: Thus, TCNS treatment significantly inhibits the viability of glioma cells and colony formation, but induces apoptosis and increases the median survival of mice. Hence, TCNS may be of therapeutic value for the treatment of glioma.
Keywords: Glioma, Tricyclic neovibsanin scaffold, Survival time, Colony formation, Apoptosis
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