1, 25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 suppresses cell cycle progression and thus growth of prostate cancer cells by inducing expression of limb bud and heart development (LBH)
Purpose: To investigate the function of limb bud and heart development (LBH) in 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D)-mediated inhibitory effect on proliferation of prostate cancer cells.
Methods: The inhibitory effect of 1,25D on growth and cell cycle progression of lymph node carcinoma of the prostate (LNCaP) cells was determined using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay and flow cytometry, while the expression levels of LBH in response to treatment with 1,25D were determined by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blottingting. The expression levels of LBH in cells were down/up regulated by transfection with siRNA or overexpression plasmids, and then cell growth and cell cycles were measured using the CCK-8 assay, EdU assay, and flow cytometry. Finally, the growth inhibitory effect of 1,25D on LBH knockdown cells were determined using CCK-8 and EdU assays.
Results: Treatment with 1,25D arrested LNCaP cells in G0/G1 phase of cell cycle, suppressed the growth of the cells and induced the expression of LBH. Overexpression/knockdown of LBH in LNCaP cells suppressed/promoted cell growth and accumulated/decreased cells in the G0/G1 phase. Moreover, knockdown of LBH reversed the inhibitory effect of 1,25D on cell proliferation of LNCaP cells.
Conclusion: Inhibitory effect of 1,25D on cell cycle progression and cell proliferation might be via LBH.
Keywords: Cell proliferation, Limb bud and heart development, Prostate cancer, 1α, 25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3