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Tanzania Journal of Science

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Sediment characteristics and hydrodynamic setting of reef platform sediments of Kunduchi, north of Dar es Salaam harbour

YW Shaghude, N Nyandwi, ANN Muzuka, AM Dubi, OU Mwaipopo

Abstract




Sediment grain size distribution, carbonate content and current velocities for the Kunduchi area are used to determine its hydrodynamic setting and sediment characteristics. The sediment mean grain size generally decreases northward. The sediments consist of medium to coarse sand south of the Tegeta River and fine sand further north. The sediment sorting values, which lack a north-south trend, vary from moderately well sorted to poorly sorted. The skewness of the sediment vary from near-symmetrical to very negatively skewed while the peakedness (kurtosis) varies from platykurtic to leptokurtic. The carbonate content increases with distance offshore, whereas the siliciclastic component decreases with distance offshore. The siliciclastic/carbonate transition of the investigated area is characterized by a narrow transition with no inter-fingering of the two facies. The lack of inter-fingering of the two facies suggests that there is a limited offshore transport of land-derived sediments. This is further supported by the drogue experiment results, which shows that the predominant surface current flows northward irrespective of the tidal phase

Tanzania Journal of Science Vol. 32 (1) 2006: pp. 37-52



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjs.v32i1.18428
AJOL African Journals Online