Solar cells: Types, Modules, and Applications–A Review

  • Amira Abd-elfattah Darwish Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology, Pharos University in Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
  • Rana S. Abdelmohsen Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology, Pharos University in Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
  • Mohamed Ahmed Department of Medical Equipment Technology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology, Pharos University in Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
  • M. Megeed Department of Medical Equipment Technology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology, Pharos University in Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
Keywords: Solar cells, renewable energy, photovoltaic, free energy, solar panel cost, solar battery

Abstract

The basic operating principle of photovoltaic (PV) devices is the conversion of solar irradiation into electricity. There are various applications of this principle in many countries such as Egypt, Nigeria and Denmark. Most of the solar PV projects are designed for street lighting, water pumping and water desalination. However, we hope about wide range of using the appropriate components and best technical procedures, standard PV projects with maximum performance output. The present systems now provide 20% to 40% only of the community's heat or lightness on annual basic needs. These include innovative and alternative ways to reduce material uses and module degradation, and opportunities to reuse and recycle PV panels at the end of their lifetime because of the installations of photovoltaic solar modules which are growing extremely very fast.  

Keywords: Solar cells; renewable energy; photovoltaic; free energy; solar panel cost; solar battery.

Published
2022-03-31
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2507-7961
print ISSN: 0856-1761