Pet ownership as a risk for human campylobacteriosis - a review
This paper aims to emphasize the need to update our knowledge on the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in dogs and cats and their role as possible sources of human campylobacteriosis especially in Africa and highlights the importance of the 'One Health' approach in investigating and responding to this zoonotic disease. Dogs and cats are among the most popular companion animals in many parts of the world including Africa. Despite the benefits, pet ownership is considered a risk factor for campylobacteriosis in humans. Campylobacter jejuni, C. upsaliensis and C. helveticus are the predominant Campylobacter spp. in dogs and cats that are considered sources of Campylobacter infection for humans. The fecal- oral route is the main route of transmission. Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter infections can also occur from pets to humans. There is a need for greater public health awareness surrounding the zoonotic nature of Campylobacter infections and the susceptibility of pets and their owners to this infection. There needs to be collaboration between medical, veterinary and public health professionals as encouraged by the ― 'One Health' approach, to identify, control and prevent Campylobacter transmission between pets and humans.
Keywords: pets, human campylobacteriosis, one health