Posture et écriture. Le Mabanckou post-Renaudot
The notion of literary posture, developed by Jérôme Meizoz, has recently integrated the field of postcolonial studies, thanks in particular to the edited book by Anthony Mangeon, Postures postcoloniales. Domaines africains et antillais (2012). Based on the concepts of Pierre Bourdieu—field, habitus and especially illusio—posture could be defined, in the domain of literary studies, as a way to “acquire” a position in the field, negotiated and renegotiated in a personal way, in order to inhabit a role, or even a status. The notion of posture would thus allow to better taking hold of the way authors present their positions not only in terms of symbolic capital and notoriety, but also in terms of their worldview. Posture has a rhetoric dimension, which is reflected in the textual, and an “actional” dimension, reflected in the contextual. It is in this framework that this article analyzes the most recent literary production (the textual) of the Franco-Congolese writer Alain Mabanckou, at a time this writer had to reinvent himself, following his huge positive critical acclaim. This production is linked to his activities on the margins of literature (the contextual), mainly his presence on social media and his participation to the Étonnants voyageurs literary festival (and in particular the festival organized in Brazzaville in February 2013). This “child of the postcolony” (Abdourahman Waberi), fervent advocate of the littérature-monde movement, displays in his latest work a certain return to the Africa of his childhood. This posture will be analyzed through his latest works, two novels and two essays, published between 2010 and 2013. The article will conclude on the validity of the notion of posture in postcolonial Francophone studies.
Keywords: Alain Mabanckou, post-colonialism, posture, return to Africa.