Tydskrif vir letterkunde

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The war veteran in Jean-Pierre Guingané's drama: between social activism and intellectualism

A Bissiri


This paper looks at how Francophone literature and art in general have reflected the subject of the war veteran. It focuses on Jean
Pierre Guingané, a Burkinabè playwright and theatre director, and argues that he has used the war veteran in two chief
directions following his classification of drama in two categories: development (or social action) drama and intellectual drama.
Fundamentally, the war veteran plays the same role of social critic and agent of social change in these two types of drama. Yet,
in each of them, Guingané gives the war veteran a peculiar treatment that perfectly tallies with the dramaturgy of the category
of plays concerned. In his social action drama, the war veteran is an illiterate and comic character, who, through spectacle and
humour, drives home the playwright's social development message. In his elite drama, this is achieved through a loftier approach
in compliance with the target audience.

Keywords:Drama, war veteran, development, criticism.

> Tydskrif vir Letterkunde Vol. 44 (1) 2007 pp. 41-50
AJOL African Journals Online