Zoologist (The) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool The journal focuses on biological phenomena at scales ranging from the molecular level to the level of individual organisms to that of populations, communities and ecosystem that arise in the fields of Ecology, Population dynamics, Epidemiology, Immunology, Environmental science, Hydrobiology &amp; Fisheries, Biodiversity &amp; conservation, Cell biology &amp; Genetics, Wildlife management and Zoos and parks. en-US Copy right is currently owned by the author of each published paper. zooibadan@yahoo.com (Prof. A.B. Odaibo) adekunle.bakare@mail.ui.edu.ng (Prof. A. A. Bakare (Journal Secretary)) Thu, 08 Apr 2021 15:46:26 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Cestode infections of two clariid and two claroteid catfish species in River Galma, Zaria, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205652 <p>Four catfish (Siluriformes) species comprising two clariids, Heterobranchus bidorsalis (65) and <em>Heterobranchus </em><em>longifilis</em> (15) and two claroteids, <em>Auchenoglanis occidentalis</em> (31) and Chrysichthys auratus (19) from River Galma Zaria, Nigeria, were examined for gastrointestinal cestodes between May 2016 and February 2017. Helminths recovered were stained, dehydrated, cleared and mounted in Canada balsam for microscopic examination. A total of seven cestode species were recovered from the clariids and claroteids. The cestodes were distributed among the fish examined as follows: in <em>C. auratus:</em> <em>Wenyonia longicauda</em> (26.32%), <em>W. virilis</em> (10.53%), and <em>W. minuta</em> (5.26%); in <em>H. bidorsalis:</em> <em>W. acuminata</em> (3.08%), W. virilis (18.46%), <em>Monobothrioides woodlandi</em> (6.15%), <em>Proteocephalus sp.</em> (1.54%) and <em>Tetracampos ciliotheca (4.62%); in H. longifilis: M. woodlandi (6.67%), W. longicauda (6.67%) a</em>nd <em>W. acuminata </em>(6.67%). Prevalence of cestode infection in C. auratus was higher in the wet than in the dry season; however, prevalence of infection in <em>H. longifilis</em> and <em>H. bidorsalis</em> was higher in the dry than in the wet season. The prevalence was higher in male than in female H. longifilis while higher in female than in male<em> C. auratus</em> and <em>H. bidorsalis</em>. Prevalence decreased with increase in standard length of <em>C. auratus, H. longifilis</em> and H. <em>bidorsalis.</em> A seemingly posteriorly deformed W<em>.</em> <em>minuta</em> was recovered from <em>C. auratus.</em> None of the 31 A. occidentalis examined in this study was infected by cestodes. All the fish used in this study were collected mostly on the basis of availability. It is therefore&nbsp; recommended that larger sample of assorted sizes be obtained, especially of <em>H. longifilis</em> (15) and <em>C. auratus</em> (19), of which very few specimens were examined during the period of this study to obtain a clearer picture of infection by the cestodes from River<br>Galma, Zaria, Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Cestodes; catfish; clariid claroteid; siluriformes; infection; prevalence; intensity.</p> Z.A. Ibrahim, T. Aken’Ova, S.A. Luka Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205652 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Parasitofauna of ground-dwelling anurans from cocoa plantations in Ugboke, Edo State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205653 <p>The parasitofauna of ground-dwelling anurans from pesticide-treated cocoa plantations (CP) in Ojo Camp, Ugboke, Edo State of Nigeria were investigated and compared with those recovered from host specimens collected from the village settlement (VS). The anurans were caught by hand following visual or acoustic location. The anurans encountered in both the VS and the CP included <em>Aubria subsigillata, Hylarana spp. (H. albolabris and H. galamensis), Sclerophrys spp. (S. maculata and S. regularis), Ptychadena spp. (P. aequiplicata, P. longirostris, P. mascareniensis, P. oxyrhynchus and P. pumilio)</em> and <em>Hoplobatrachus occipitalis. Hylarana galamensis, Ptychadena spp. and Sclerophrys spp</em>. were encountered in the VS and the CP while <em>Aubria subsigillata, H. albolabris </em>and<em> H. occipitalis </em>occurred only in the CP. The helminth parasites recovered included four cestode species (adult of Cylindrotaenia jaegerskioeldi and three encysted&nbsp; proteocephalid larvae), five Polystoma spp. 11 species of digeneans and 19 nematode species. More parasite species were recovered from toads collected from the VS; parasite prevalence was generally low in both habitats but the intensity of infection was higher in the specimens collected from the VS. Although cip <em>A. subsigillata</em> and<em> H. ocitalis</em> both occurred in the CP, <em>A. subsigillata</em> was the more susceptible host of the two, harbouring 16 helminth parasites as against four from <em>H. occipitalis</em>. Polystomes were recovered from <em>H. albolabris </em>and<em> H. galamensis</em> in addition to Diplodiscus fischthalicus and <em>Mesocoelium spp</em>. Infections occurred&nbsp; mostly among the Ptychadeniidae collected from the CP, with prevalence ranging from 12.5% to 100% and infection intensity from 1.0 to 13.0. The generally low parasite burden in anurans from the CP can possibly be attributed to the pesticide contamination of this habitat which may have hindered the development of the free-living stages of parasites in this milieu.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Anurans; cocoa plantation; pesticides; parasitofauna; prevalence; intensity. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> O. Edo-Taiwo, M.S.O. Aisien Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205653 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Prevalence and associated risk factors of malaria infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Yola North, Adamawa State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205654 <p>This study determined the prevalence and associated risk factors of malaria infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Yola North, Adamawa State, Nigeria, between December 2017 and April 2018. Both direct microscopy and rapid diagnostic test were employed in this study to establish infection. Structured questionnaires were used to collect information from the participants. The study showed that 63 pregnant women were positive for malaria infection out of the 270 sampled. Overall malaria prevalence of 23.3% was recorded during this study. There was no significant association between malaria infection and the clinics sampled (p&gt;0.05). Results have shown that the prevalence was relatively low, and this could be attributed to low transmission rate of malaria during dry season in Adamawa State. In relation to parity, prevalence of malaria were; primigravidae (21.6%), secundravidae (20.0%) and multigravidae (26.7%). Similarly, in relation to gestational age prevalence was first trimester (27.9%), second trimester (25.0%) and third<br>trimester (20.0%). There were no significant associations between malaria infection, parity and gestational age (p&gt;0.05). The age-group 38 ≥ years had highest prevalence while 15-23 years had least. There was no significant association between malaria infection, educational level and occupation (p&gt;0.05). Relating to the participants occupation, prevalence of malaria was reported as 30.0, 22.9 and 23.5% for civil servants, unemployed and business respectively. It is therefore recommended that early attendance and utilization of focused antenatal care services by all pregnant women will reduce the risk of malaria in pregnancy.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Risk factors; malaria; pregnant women; antenatal; Yola North.</p> N. Enock, S.M. Pukuma, L.M. Augustine, L.B. Gundiri, N.M. Zamdayu, J.L. Daniel Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205654 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Identification of mealybugs, soft scale insects and their predators in vineyards across the savannah agro-ecological region of Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205656 <p>Insect-vectored viruses are a major threat to grapevine production but there is a dearth of information on the occurrence and distribution of key grapevine pests in Nigeria. The recent detection of grapevine leafroll associated virus-1 (GLRaV-1), a known insect-vectored ampelovirus, in Nigeria elevates the importance of the identification of its potential vectors as a precursor to assessing the risk of grapevine leafroll disease spread. This study was conducted to determine the occurrence and diversity of potential vectors of grapevine viruses and their natural enemies in vineyards across the savannah agro-ecological region of Nigeria. Forty vineyard and nursery locations were surveyed during 2016 and 45 arthropod samples were collected. The samples were first morphologically identified, and DNA barcoding was conducted on a subset of 16 representative samples using universal primers specific to the Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase subunit I (mtCOI) gene of most insects. The results indicated the presence of two species of scale insects (Parasaissetia nigra and Saissetia coffeae) and two mealybug species (Maconellicoccus hirsutus and Ferrisia virgata), some of<br>which are potential grapevine virus vectors, in Nigerian vineyards. In addition, the natural enemies of these insect species were detected which includes three species of parasitoids (Anagyrus kamali, Anagyrus pseudococci and Encarsia inaron) and one predator (Hyperaspidius mimus). While the detection of mealybugs and scale insects underscore the risk of vector-mediated virus spread in Nigerian vineyards, the identification of their natural enemies indicates presence of natural biological control agents to facilitate an integrated management of economically important grapevine virus diseases in the country.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Mealybugs; scale insects; parasitoids and predators; insect vectors; grapevine viruses. </p> A.M. Zongoma, D.B. Dangora, M. Sétamou, M.D. Alegbejo, O.J. Alabi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205656 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Distribution of tsetse flies and its <i>Trypanosoma</i> species infection in Old Oyo National Park, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205657 <p>Tsetse fly infestation in national parks is a major health risk to both the wildlife and tourists coming to sub-Saharan Africa. However, information on distribution and diversity of tsetse flies and trypanosome infection rate in Protected Areas like Old Oyo National Park in south-west Nigeria is largely unknown. Thus, the study evaluates distribution and diversity of tsetse flies in Magurba Range of Old Oyo National Park. Twelve Nzi traps were set at 50 m equidistance to capture Glossina species for a period of six months between February and August, 2019, considering both the altitudinal and ecological significance. A total of 136 tsetse flies belonging to four species; <em>G.</em> <em>palpalis, G. tachinoides, G. morsitans and G. fusca;</em> were captured. More Glossina species were captured during dry season 77.9% (70.0-84.6) than the wet season 22.1% (15.4-30.0). There was significant difference (p = 0.0001; x<sup>2 </sup>= 84.9; OR = 12.5) between the proportion of Glossina species captured at the riverine areas (106; 77.9%) and the woodland/forest areas (30; 22.1%). Glossina captured at ground level and 30 cm above ground were 71 (52.2 %) and 65 (47.8%) respectively. The overall prevalence of trypanosome infection (2.94%) was observed for Glossina spp. The presence of infected <em>Glossina</em> <em>spp.</em> indicated an urgent need to establish a concise strategic vector control in National Parks, in order to reduce the risk of transmission to both wildlife and humans in the area. The park is frequently visited by tourists, rangers, researchers and students for educational purposes.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: <em>Glossina spp.; Trypanosoma spp.</em>; vector distribution; Old Oyo National Park</p> A.O. Omonona, S.A. Abioye, P.O. Odeniran, I.O. Ademola Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205657 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Growth performance of broiler chickens based on grasshopper meal inclusions in feed formulation https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205658 <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential benefits of substituting dietary fish meal with grasshopper meal on the growth performance of broiler chickens. The study was carried out in a mini-animal house of the Department of Biological Science, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria. Seventy-two, 2-weeks old Arbor acres chicken strain were procured from May Farms, Gombe. The grasshoppers were collected using sweep net trapping method. They were oven dried and milled using local milling machine and incorporated into poultry diets by replacing dietary fishmeal at 0% (Control, A), 50% (B) and 100% (C). Each dietary treatment had 24 birds triplicates of eight birds per replicate in a completely randomized design. The birds were randomly allotted into pens demarcated with plywoods. The birds were fed the experimental diets throughout the six weeks period of the experiment and were subjected to similar managerial and dietary conditions during which time data was collected and used to evaluate weekly weight-gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency ratio and linear body measurements monitored. The weight-gain were significantly different (p&lt;0.05) among the treatment groups where birds on Treatment C(1720.11±2.11 g) was highest followed by those on treatment B(1480.00±2.12 g) and the least mean final weekly weight gain of 1,287.98±1.20 g was observed in Treatment A; Also feed intake exhibited the same pattern of weight gain. For linear body measurements, the highest body length increase was recorded in Treatment C (21.39±1.01 cm) while the least was recorded in those on Treatment A, (15.49±1.10 cm). The same trend was observed for body width increase, thigh length increase, shank length increase and wing length increase. This study showed that dietary&nbsp; grasshopper meal promoted growth of broiler chicken and so would conveniently replace dietary fishmeal. Therefore, establishment<br>of insect farms are highly recommended to produce enough grasshopper meal to meet the demands of poultry feed industries.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Arbor acres; growth parameters; dietary grasshopper; chicken body; liner measurement</p> M.I. Amobi, A. Saleh, V.O. Okpoko, A.M. Abdullahi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205658 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Abundance and nesting sites characteristics of red-headed picathartes <i>Picathartes oreas</i> in Cross River State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205659 <p>This study assessed the abundance and nesting sites characteristics of red-headed picathartes (Picathartes oreas) in protected and unprotected forest in Cross River State, from August 2016 to January 2017. Data were collected through oral interviews, and field observations, using area search and quadrant methods. Data on bird and nest were tested using one-way ANOVA and t-test while tree species diversity indices were calculated using Paleontological Statistics Software Package, version 16. Results revealed that a mean of 38±52 individual bird from six colonies were sighted during the survey. Higher number of 20 (52.63%) individuals from two colonies was recorded in the undisturbed montane rain forest of the Okwangwo Division of the Cross River National Park than the disturbed montane rain forest with 18 (47.37%) individuals from four colonies. A total of 40 (50%; n = 20 each) nests of red-headed picathartes were sighted during the survey around the undisturbed and disturbed montane rain forest respectively. All (100%; n = 40) the nests observed were attached to the south-eastern side of the rocks and all the nests were constructed with mud mixed with grass. Colony Six was on the highest altitude with an elevation of 529 m, followed by colony two with an elevation of 342 m while the lowest elevation was 195 m recorded in colony three. Tree diversity index was higher in the protected forest (3.352; 3.227) than in the unprotected forest (1.846). Characteristic features of <em>Picathartes oreas</em> habitat were rock, hill, valleys and rivers and streams. It was evidenced by the study that Picathartes oreas still nests both in the disturbed and undisturbed forest but the level of disturbance and type of crops grown may have impact on the nesting behaviour. Therefore, anthropogenic activities should be regulated in the area, to ensure the conservation of Picathartes oreas.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Picathartes oreas; abundance; nesting sites characteristics; unprotected and protected forest.</p> M. Abatcha, O.S. Odewumi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205659 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Diversity and abundance of cichlids in Ikere Gorge Reservoir, Iseyin, Oyo State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205660 <p>Cichlids are highly abundant and commercially important fish in freshwater ecosystems in Nigeria. This study examined the diversity and abundance of cichlids in Ikere Gorge Reservoir. Four fishing villages were randomly selected from 12 fishing villages in Ikere Gorge Reservoir as sampling sites. Cichlids were sampled randomly and examined from fishermen catch in each selected fishing village; were identified with appropriate keys; the weight and abundance of the catches were recorded. The data obtained was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis using SPSS (Version 20.0) software to determine the abundance of fish species. Fish species diversity was carried out by using Palaeontological Statistics (PAST). Eight species of cichlids were sampled in Ikere Gorge but <em>Sarotherodon galilaeus</em> was the most abundant species while the least abundant species was<em> Pelmatolapia mariae</em>. It was observed that, cichlids were&nbsp; abundant in rainy season than in the dry season. Likewise, cichlids were abundant in Ikere-gorge reservoir but they have low diversity. This may be as a result of unsustainable fishing pressure and deforestation of riparian forest and sedimentation in Ikere-gorge reservoir. Therefore, to maintain sustainable fishing activities and improve cichlids population in Ikeregorge reservoir, unsustainable activities in and around Ikere Gorge reservoir should be put under control.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Cichlidae; freshwater species; dominant; <em>Sarotherodon galilaeus; Pelmatolapia mariae.</em> </p> S.O. Ajagbe, R.O. Ajagbe, O.S. Ariwoola, F.I. Abdulazeez, O.O. Oyewole, M.T. Ojubolamo, A.O. Olomola, O.O. Oyekan, O.S. Oke Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205660 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Population density dynamics of <i>Pachymelania byronensis</i> (Wood, 1828) (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) in the Cross River, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205661 <p>The ecology of an exploited population of the commercially important molluscan species, Pachymelania byronensis (Wood, 1828) was studied (January-December, 2018) in the lower Cross River, Nigeria, using density [number per hectare (N. ha<sup>-1</sup>)] as measure of stock abundance. The results revealed that the river supports a considerable stock of the gastropod (density range: Drange = 508000 – 12510000 N. ha<sup>-1</sup>; mean: Dmean = 4849833N.ha<sup>-1</sup>). The density decreased by 12002N. ha<sup>-1</sup> (i.e. 10001667N. ha<sup>-1</sup> mo<sup>-1</sup>) between January and December, a reflection of the increasing human exploitation as the year progressed. However, the monthly density changes scored low stochasticity (randomness), a product of the resilience of the population to human exploitation. The monthly densities were significantly correlated with river limnological parameters, including surface temperature, discharge, water level, transparency, dissolved oxygen concentration and hydrogen ion concentration. The coefficients of determination showed the decreasing order of the<br>importance of these parameters as: transparency (67.8%), water level (57.0%), surface temperature (43.5%), pH (40.5%), dissolved oxygen concentration (36.1%) and discharge (34.3%). The monthly values of biotic potential (rmax) were used to show trends in the population dynamics. Major density decreases were noted in February (rmax = -5.456) and December (rmax = -2.931) whereas notable density increases were recorded in January (rmax = + 3.204) and November (rmax = + 3.052). The value of the annual mean biotic potential (mean: rmax(mean) = -0.191) portrayed the general effect of heavy human exploitation on the mollusc. Hence, the gastropod total mortality rate was high (Z = -3.204 yr<sup>-1</sup>) The river carrying capacity of the gastropod was estimated at 12510000N ha<sup>-1</sup>. The monthly biotic potential correlated significantly with habitat temperature and dissolved oxygen concentration, two important life support parameters.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: <em>Pachymelania byronensis;</em> density; biotic potential; exploitation; Cross River; Nigeria. </p> R.P. King, B.E. Akpan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205661 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Parasitic contamination of some fruits and vegetables from major markets in Ede Town, Osun State, south-west Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205662 <p>This study determined the prevalence of parasites on some common fruits and vegetables from major markets in Ede Town, Osun State, Nigeria. A total of two hundred and forty six (246) samples of fruits and vegetables were examined by sedimentation technique after washing using normal saline. The overall parasite prevalence was 37.4%. The highest rate of parasitic contamination (46.7%) was recorded in pineapples (Anana comosus) while oranges (Citrus sinensis) were the least contaminated (16.7%). For vegetables, African spinach (Spinacea oleracea) was the most contaminated (77.8%) while the least contaminated (2.2%) was celosia leaf (Celosia argentea). Ascaris lumbricoides was the most (21.7%) frequent parasitic contaminants on fruits and vegetables followed by Balantidium coli (19.6%) and then Hookworm (13.0%). Entamoeba histolytica and Strongyloides stercoralis had the same percentage of occurrence<br>(12.0%) while Fasciolopsis buski (2.2%) was the least parasite found. The highest number of parasites was found in Timi Market with 46.2% fruits and 66.7% vegetables contaminated. Since eating raw fruits and vegetables is a potential source of transmission of intestinal parasites in the study area, it is important that consumers are educated on the need to always ensure proper washing of their fruits and vegetables.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Fruits; vegetables; parasitic contamination; Ascaris lumbricoides; Ede Markets</p> L.T. Okunlola Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205662 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Histopathological alterations in gills, kidney and liver of Nile Tilapia (<i>Oreochromis niloticus</i>) fingerlings exposed to aqueous leaf extract of Desert Date (<i>Balanites aegyptia</i>ca) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205663 <p>One of the many biomarkers for determining the effects of pollutants on fish is changes in organ histopathology. Leaves of <em>Balanites aegyptiaca</em> have been reported to have phytochemicals with fish anaesthetic property. This study sought to determine the effect of graded acute concentrations (200.00, 250.00, 300.00.350.00 and 400.00 mg/L) of B. aegyptiaca on histopathology of gills, kidney and liver of mixed sex of Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings. A total of 120 O. niloticus fingerlings (mean weight 23±0.03 g and mean total length 12.50±0.39 cm) were exposed to the plant extract. Paraffin wax method and haematoxylin-eosin staining techniques of tissue processing were adopted for the examination of the gills, kidney and liver. Dose-dependent histopathological changes were observed in the three organs (gills, kidney and liver) i.e. histopathological alterations increase with increase in concentration of the plant extract. Gills showed lamellae fusion, haemorrhage, desquamation, atrophy and secondary lamellae erosion while kidney and liver indicated atrophy, necrosis, haemorrhage, hyperplasia and hypertrophy. Structural alterations were evident in the gills, kidney and liver of <em>O. niloticus</em> fingerlings exposed to the concentrations of aqueous crude leaf extract of <em>B. aegyptiaca</em> therefore it should be used with caution during fish anaesthesia.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Histopathology; Gill; Kidney; Liver; <em>Balanites aegyptiaca; Oreochromis niloticus.</em> </p> A.I. Wakawa, S.B. Audu Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205663 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effects of collection zones and storage on hatchability and survival of feral helmeted guineafowl (<i>Numida meleagris galleata pallas</i>) eggs https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205664 <p>The desire to shore up the shortfall in protein supply, the increased awareness of the importance of cholesterol free animal protein, like guineafowl, and the need to conserve their wild genes, have necessitated studies on improved captive breeding of feral helmeted guineafowl. Hence, this study was aimed at determining the effects of ecological zones and storage systems on the guineafowl eggs. Guineafowl eggs (n=214), were collected from identified and monitored-nests within the Kainji Lake National Park (KLNP) and Old Oyo National Park (OONP). Out of 91 eggs collected from KLNP, 32 and 38 were stored at room temperature (RT-21-25°C) and refrigerator (RF-17-20°C), respectively for five days prior to incubation while 21 eggs were not stored (NS-27-29°C), and out of 123 collected from OONP, 70 and 19 were stored for five days prior to incubation at (RT-21-25°C) and (RF-17-20°C), respectively while 34 eggs were (NS- 27-29°C). Prior to incubation, eggs were weighed, the height and width were measured. The process was repeated after incubation for unhatched eggs. Candling was done three days before hatching at day 29 of egg incubation. Embryo status of unhatched eggs was determined by cracking the eggs. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. The NS eggs from Kainji (7.60%) and Oyo (2.01%) had the lowest percentage shrinkage in weight across the three storage systems. The order was reversed in height with RF eggs from Kainji (0.96%) and Oyo (0.46%) having lowest. The least shrinkage in width of eggs from Oyo was recorded in the RF eggs (0.00%) and in NS (0.59%) from Kainji. Eggs candling showed that presumed fertile (opaque) was highest (69.10%) in NS eggs followed by RT (45.00%). There was no significant difference (p&gt;0.05) between the hatchability of eggs from the two parks though hatchability (7.60%) of Kainji eggs was higher than those of Oyo (7.40%). Further check on fertilization after incubation showed that RT (37.50%) eggs from Kainji were fertilized but were unable to hatch alive so also was RF eggs (21.10%). The study showed that the eggs sizes vary with ecozones while size of the eggs and storage systems affects hatchability and survival of feral helmeted guineafowl eggs in captivity.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Guineafowl; ecozones; storage systems; incubation; candling; hatchability </p> A.A. Yusuf, O.A. Jayeola, I.O.O. Osunsina, G.A. Dedeke Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tzool/article/view/205664 Thu, 08 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000