https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/issue/feed University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2022-07-19T16:19:41+00:00 Dr. Faraja Ndumbaro editor.libraryjournal@udsm.ac.tz Open Journal Systems <p>The University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal (UDSMLJ) is an &nbsp;interdisciplinary academic journal that publishes scholarly articles on all aspects of Library, information Science and and related fields of study. These include organization of knowledge, information dissemination , information and knowledge management, Information Technology and its application, Management in&nbsp; Libraries, Communication, Human Information Behavior, Records and Archives Management, Information Literacy, Information Retrieval, Reference Services and Information Systems. The journal is published twice a year in June and December. The journal is published twice per year, that is June and December.</p> <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p>Authors are in invited to submit their articles to be considered for publication. See&nbsp;<a title="information for authors" href="http://journals.udsm.ac.tz/index.php/lj/information/authors" target="_blank" rel="noopener">information for authors</a>&nbsp;for details.</p> <p>This journal can also be accessed at the following link&nbsp;<a title="http://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/issue/archive" href="http://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/issue/archive" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/issue/archive</a></p> https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228376 Editorial 2022-07-19T16:19:36+00:00 Chief Editor ndumbaro.faraja@gmail.com <p>It is a greater honour to introduce to you Volume 17, Issue 1 (June 2022) of the University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal (UDSMLJ). First and foremost, it would seem well at this point to thank all members of the editorial committee for their invaluable contributions and continued support to this journal. I offer my heartfelt appreciation to all authors and reviewers for their contributions to the journal.</p> 2022-07-19T16:17:41+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228296 The Impact of Technical Competency, Experience and Communication Skills on the Level of ICT Innovation in Tanzania 2022-07-19T16:19:36+00:00 Edison Wazoel Lubua elubua@iaa.ac.tz <p>This study determined the impact of the technical competency, communication skills, and the experience of experts on the level of ICT innovation in an organisation. The study is relevant to Tanzania because the country depends on imported technological business solutions, which could be developed in the country. The study used the survey strategy, with 116 respondents representing different organisations within Tanzania. The study used the structured questionnaire as a tool for data collection. Additionally, the study conducted an analysis using inferential statistics to test hypotheses. The findings of the study concluded that the technical competency of experts, the level of communication skills and the experience of experts in dealing with complex projects significantly impacted the level of ICT innovations within Tanzania. This study recommends the improvement of the experts’ technical skills, ability to deal with complex projects, and ability to communicate their innovation needs. This improvement will contribute to the increase of innovative products among local organisations.</p> 2022-07-18T15:02:09+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228297 Technology Usage and Public Procurement Performance in Tanzania 2022-07-19T16:19:37+00:00 Gerald Zachary Paga Tinali geraldpaga@yahoo.com <p>Given a number of challenges procurement in the public sector faces also in line with the current trend of globalization and innovation, organizations are trying much to improve their procurement practices through technological applications. However, still there are contradictory results on the role of technology usage on the performance of procurement. This study was aimed at investigating the public procurement performance in Tanzania by examining the roles played by technology usage and regulatory pressure. Drawing on institution theory with the support of empirical evidence from literature, a conceptual model with direct path and moderated paths was developed through which procurement regulatory pressure moderates the path from procurement technology usage to procurement performance. The study used partial least square structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) aided by SmartPLS 3 to validate the measurement model and test the hypotheses using data from 207 key informants from procurement management units of the public procurement sector in Tanzania. The findings from this study with support from previous empirical studies indicated that too much regulatory pressure tends to weaken the application of technology in procurement. Moreover, these results have implications for methodology, practitioners, and policymakers.</p> 2022-07-18T15:01:15+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228298 Rating Prediction based on Optimal Review Topics: A Proposed Latent Factors-Optimal Topics Hybrid Approach 2022-07-19T16:19:37+00:00 James Chambua james.chambua@udsm.ac.tz <p>Rating prediction is an inevitable problem which recommender systems (RS) need to address. Its goal is to accurately predict the rating a user will assign to a particular item. Predictions which utilize numerical ratings and review texts are biased and have low accuracy. Also, existing topic-based rating prediction approaches focus on finding the most preferred items through the identification of latent topics expressed in users’ review texts. Even though the latent topics seem to represent most user review texts, they do not necessarily capture each user’s preferences. The goal of this work is then to develop a more accurate model by considering product review texts analysis so as to gain additional preference knowledge. Hence, a hybrid algorithm that optimizes the latent topics is proposed. &nbsp;Specifically, the proposed approach finds appropriate weights for the topics of each review text. Rating prediction is critical task for RS because slight performance enhancement of the prediction accuracy results into significant improvements in recommendations. Experimental evaluation over real-world datasets revealed performance improvements of the proposed approach compared to alternative models. The proposed model can be used by RS in various domain such as e-learning, movie and hotel rating.</p> 2022-07-18T15:00:27+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228299 The Influence of Organizational Justice on the Organizational Commitment of Personnel in South-West Nigerian Public University Libraries 2022-07-19T16:19:38+00:00 Omobola Olufunke Adewoyin adewoyinomobola@yahoo.com <p>For university libraries to achieve their set goals and objectives, a committed workforce is indispensable. Several factors could enhance the commitment of library personnel. However, studies have not given adequate attention to the influence of organizational justice on the organizational commitment of library personnel in Nigeria. This study, therefore, investigated the influence of organizational justice on the organizational commitment of library personnel in public universities in South-West Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted. A total remuneration was used. Findings showed that organizational justice had a significant influence on organizational commitment of library personnel. The findings also revealed that distributive justice and interactional justice significantly influenced the affective commitment of library personnel while procedural justice was not significant. Furthermore, distributive justice and interactional justice had a significant influence on the continuance commitment of library personnel while procedural justice had no significant effect on the continuance commitment of library personnel. The study concluded that organizational justice increased organizational commitment of library personnel in public universities. The study would serve as a contribution towards solving the challenges of lack of organizational commitment in academic libraries. It was recommended that library management should involve the personnel in their decision-making processes.</p> 2022-07-18T14:59:12+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228300 E-logistic Practices and Health Care Supply Chain Management for Public Referral Hospitals in Uganda 2022-07-19T16:19:38+00:00 Sumaya M. Kagoya skagoya@mubs.ac.ug Kezia H. Mkwizu kmkwizu@hotmail.com <p>This paper examined e-logistic practices and health care supply chain management in the context of Ugandan public referral hospitals. The prime objective was to examine the relationship between e-logistics operations and performance of health care supply chain management. A quantitative research approach was utilized to gather data from public referral hospitals respondents using structured survey questionnaires.&nbsp; For data analysis, descriptive statistics and Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling were utilised, aided by SmartPLS 3. Findings showed a positive significant relationship between e-logistics operations and performance of health care supply chain management in the context of Ugandan public referral hospitals. This study implies that the key e-logistics operations in relation to the performance of health care supply chain management, are central management of drugs, the correct order picking of drugs given to the right patients for quality control, and presence of an electronic system to update stock daily. Additionally, the findings designated that, e-logistics operations are related to the performance of health care supply chain management in terms of ICTs tracking systems and data transparency. The practical implication to the health sector- stakeholders, is to consider ICT-tracking systems and data transparency for e-logistics operations and performance of health care supply chain management.</p> 2022-07-18T14:58:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228301 Assessing the Role of Community Forest Management: A Geographical Information System (GIS)-based approach 2022-07-19T16:19:38+00:00 Zahor Zahor Zahor81@yahoo.co.uk <p>This paper examined e-logistic practices and health care supply chain management in the context of Ugandan public referral hospitals. The prime objective was to examine the relationship between e-logistics operations and performance of health care supply chain management. A quantitative research approach was utilized to gather data from public referral hospitals respondents using structured survey questionnaires.&nbsp; For data analysis, descriptive statistics and Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling were utilised, aided by SmartPLS 3. Findings showed a positive significant relationship between e-logistics operations and performance of health care supply chain management in the context of Ugandan public referral hospitals. This study implies that the key e-logistics operations in relation to the performance of health care supply chain management, are central management of drugs, the correct order picking of drugs given to the right patients for quality control, and presence of an electronic system to update stock daily. Additionally, the findings designated that, e-logistics operations are related to the performance of health care supply chain management in terms of ICTs tracking systems and data transparency. The practical implication to the health sector- stakeholders, is to consider ICT-tracking systems and data transparency for e-logistics operations and performance of health care supply chain management.</p> 2022-07-18T14:57:15+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228302 Overcoming the Odds 2022-07-19T16:19:39+00:00 Lulu Simon Mahai mahai.lulu@udsm.ac.tz <p>This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that has explored rural students’ experiences with online learning in Tanzania. The study used purposive sampling to select twenty-five participants. It employed a phenomenological design, primarily using semi-structured interviews coupled with document review, to obtain data on students’ lived experiences. The data was then subjected to thematic analysis to generate study findings which show that rural students used the Moodle system to support their online learning. Moreover, they had Zoom meetings, discussion forums and WhatsApp as recourse to the Moodle system. According to the findings, the students faced challenges such as poor access to the Internet, prohibitive costs of learning infrastructure, and limited technical skills. Furthermore, these students faced inflexible schedules and limited access to assistive technologies. As a result, they complemented their study processes with downloaded materials, printed learning materials, regional centre physical visits and university graduates’ additional support. The study concludes that the complex nature of the rural environment marked by limited infrastructural and technological development makes studying through ODL doubly daunting for rural-based students. The paper, therefore, recommends instituting transformative strategies aimed to enhance the quality of rural students’ lived experiences of ODL online learning.</p> 2022-07-18T14:56:06+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228303 A seventeen-year Research Topic Dispersion and Methodological Choices among LIS Postgraduates in Tanzania 2022-07-19T16:19:39+00:00 Esther Ndenje-Sichalwe esther.sichalwe@udsm.ac.tz Emmanuel Frank Elia elia@udsm.ac.tz <p>The study explored research topics dispersal and research strategies of Library and Information Science (LIS) postgraduate students in Tanzania from 2000-2017. Data were collected from the East Africana research repository section of the UDSM Library and the Information Studies Programme (ISP) offices from June to November 2017. A total of 269 LIS dissertations were assessed using content analysis to classify research topics. Findings revealed topics extensively researched were information dissemination, information access and information seeking behaviour. Least researched topics were information privacy and ethics, reading habits and encouragement, copyright and Information policy. History of information science and librarianship, quantitative and qualitative research, multimedia, webometrics, human–computer interaction, systems analysis, digital security, internet crime and information licensing and fair use were not researched. In addition, mixed research approach was mostly preferred by students but experimental and action research were least used. The study contributes in LIS education mapping in Tanzania and likely the first study to show topics selection based on globally accepted LIS classification schemes. The study gives an insight on research topics and research strategies used in higher learning organizations (HLIs) in Tanzania and arguably most developing countries. Findings may improve quality of research offered in LIS schools by supporting LIS postgraduate training and establishing library technology hubs and laboratories to match the world LIS research trend and order.</p> 2022-07-18T14:55:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228304 Records Management Policy in Enhancing Governance in Homa Bay County Headquarters, Kenya 2022-07-19T16:19:40+00:00 Joan Atieno Obunde joanongiyo@gmail.com Jotham Wasike joanongiyo@gmail.com Mzee Awuor joanongiyo@gmail.com <p>Globally, records management plays major role in enhancing governance. The study objective was to examine the role of records management <a name="_Toc27392242"></a>policy in enhancing governance at Homa Bay (HB) County Headquarters, Kenya. Target population comprised of 306 employees who are the custodians of records within the County Headquarters. Stratified technique was used to classify employees into strata. Yamane simplified formula was used to obtain a sample size of 174 respondents, which was proportionately distributed per department using random sampling technique. Structured questionnaires and interview schedules were pretested to determine validity and reliability and thereafter employed to collect data. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics with the aid of IBM – SPSS (Version 23), presented in a table and interpreted in mean, frequencies, percentages, and standard deviation. Qualitative data was analysed using content analysis. The finding showed that records management policy was available in HB, though some employees were unaware. The study concluded that records managers in HB County should instill awareness among staff on the importance of records management policy. Based on the finding and conclusion, the study recommends, firstly, that HB records managers should ensure records management policy is properly documented and shared with all employees managing records with a view of increasing efficiency in the information flow thus enhancing governance and secondly, HB would identify areas of weakness in records management policy and focus on improvement.</p> 2022-07-18T14:49:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal https://www.ajol.info/index.php/udslj/article/view/228305 Perceived benefits and barriers of using online journal systems 2022-07-19T16:19:41+00:00 Kelefa Mwantimwa mwantimwa@udsm.ac.tz Evans Wema wemafr@gmail.com <p>This study has established the perceived benefits and barriers of using online journal systems (OJS). A descriptive research design alongside a quantitative approach was used to establish perceived benefits and barriers of using online journal systems among University of Dar es Salaam faculty members. In the study data were gathered through survey questionnaires. The data were then organized and summarized through descriptive statistics in form of frequencies and percentages. The study reveals that a significant number of faculty members infrequently use the systems in their scholarly communication. Along this, the study reveals various benefits of using OJS as perceived by faculty members. The study also reveals diverse perceived barriers that undermine effective use of the systems. These include low internet bandwidth and technical difficulties. The study recommends that the UDSM has to take deliberate measures to enhance internet services through increasing bandwidth, alongside increasing training on the use of online journal systems.</p> 2022-07-18T14:36:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal