University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-02-10T10:14:30+00:00 Prof. A. Nkhoma Wamunza Open Journal Systems <p>The University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal publishes articles on all aspects of Library and Information Science. These include organization and dissemination of information, library education and training, information technology and its application in libraries, book reviews and short communications.</p><p>Authors are in invited to submit their articles to be considered for publication. See <a title="information for authors" href="" target="_blank">information for authors</a> for details.</p><p><span>This journal can also be accessed at </span><span>the following link </span><a title="" href="" target="_blank"></a></p> The Editorial 2021-02-10T07:15:48+00:00 Faraja Ndumbaro <p>No Abstract.</p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Social media use among small and medium enterprises: a case of fashion industry growth 2021-02-10T07:29:36+00:00 Caleb Gekombe Elly Tumsifu Dev Jani <p>This article examines how social identity, perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use influence the use of social media in SMEs and whether the use of social media influences the growth of fashion SMEs in Kenya. A survey involving 394 owner-managers of fashion SMEs from Nairobi and Kiambu counties was done, using a structured questionnaire; and multivariate analysis was done through structural equations modelling. Social identity and perceived ease of use bore significant influence on the usage of social media whereas perceived usefulness showed no significance in influencing owner-managers’ intention to use social media. The use of social media on the other hand had a significant influence on SME growth. Social media usage is considered useful in business but there is no motivation towards usage by the owner-mangers. Policy makers can therefore provide an enabling environment to encourage use of social media by SMEs. This study sought to find out whether or not the use of social media has a direct effect on growth of SMEs.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Social media, SMEs, attitudes, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness </p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Perceived usefulness and ease of use of Web 2.0 tools in university teaching and learning in Tanzania 2021-02-10T07:37:41+00:00 James Ernest Kazoka Kelefa Mwantimwa <p>Despite the potentials Web 2.0 technologies have in supporting teaching and learning processes in higher education institutions, there is a&nbsp; continuing debate on their perceived usefulness and ease of use. As such, this study examined academic staff and students’ perceptions on the use of Web 2.0 technologies in teaching and learning activities in five Tanzanian universities. Specifically, the study aimed at determining the perceived usefulness and exploring perceived ease of use of Web 2.0 technologies in teaching and learning activities. A mixed approach (quantitative and qualitative) was employed by the study. Accordingly, a cross-sectional survey, alongside documentary review, was used to collect data from a sample of 350 respondents selected through simple randomly sampling and 10 purposively selected informants. The study findings suggest that faculty members and students used Web 2.0 technologies for academic discussions, posting and accessing lecture slides and tutorials, sharing materials and scholarly communication. The findings further inform that perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use of Web 2.0 technologies are important predictors of the adoption of these tools. On the basis of these findings, ICT infrastructure investment, training to upgrade skills and knowledge, policies and usage guidelines and other usage motivations are recommended to be in place to promote the usage of Web 2.0 technologies in teaching and learning. Besides, technical support to customise Web 2.0 technologies in teaching and learning activities is crucial.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Web 2.0, web technologies, users’ perception, teaching and learning, e-learning</p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) ICT integration in teaching and learning: perceptions and practices of secondary school students in Tanzania 2021-02-10T07:43:20+00:00 Yusuf Daudi Josta Lameck Nzilano <p>The study examined perceptions and practices of students regarding the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning at a public secondary school in Ilala district in Tanzania. Specifically, the study focused on assessing secondary school students’ ICT related knowledge and skills in Ilala district, finding out how secondary school students in Ilala district use ICT facilities in learning, and gathering opinions and views of secondary school students in Ilala district on ICT integration in teaching and learning. The study used a combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches under a case study design to gather data through focus group discussion (FGD) and questionnaire survey methods from students at the respective school. The study involved twenty five (25) students selected through simple random sampling, who were provided with a questionnaire to respond to, and ten (10) FGD participants purposively selected. The study used thematic and descriptive techniques to process qualitative and quantitative data respectively. The study findings have revealed positive students’ perception towards ICT integration in teaching and learning. The students have also demonstrated to have knowledge and skills for using different ICT tools including desktop computers, laptops,<br>Smartphones, Smart boards and iPads. However, the students reported to be provided with insufficient time to spend on computer programmes, they were banned from bringing personal ICT devices to school and that ICT devices usage was only limited to learning computer course instead of being used in all subjects. The study recommends that the secondary school administration should change unfriendly rules, which limit students from using personal ICT facilities in teaching and learning. ICT user education should be provided to public schools in response to the negative mind set on students’ use of ICT for learning.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: ICT in learning, secondary school, educational media, student perceptions, Tanzania. </p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) The role of libraries and librarians in promoting access to and use of open educational resources in Tanzania: The case of selected public university libraries 2021-02-10T08:02:19+00:00 Chausiku M. Mwinyimbegu <p>This paper examined the role of libraries and librarians in promoting access to and use of Open Educational Resources (OERs) in selected Tanzanian public university libraries. Specifically, the study sought to find out the level of OERs awareness among librarians and the role played by librarians in promoting access to and use of OERs in Tanzania. The study also set out to identify challenges encountered by librarians in promoting access to and use of OERs. Fifty two librarians of different ranks and academic qualifications from four public university libraries participated in this study. These were selected using simple random sampling technique. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaires and documentary review. Data collected were analysed using SPSS version 18.0. The findings show that librarians are aware of the concept OERs and also play multiple roles in promoting awareness on OERs. Integration of OERs in university websites facilitates their accessibility and use. The study further reveals that<br>limited awareness on existing OERs and lack of policy guidelines on the use of OERs are major challenges facing librarians in promoting access to and use of OERs. The study recommends more OERs awareness creation campaigns and formulation of institutional OERs policies.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Libraries, librarians, open educational resources, open access, Tanzania,</p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Factors Influencing the Adoption of Clinical Informatics Tools among Medical Doctors in South Africa 2021-02-10T08:18:25+00:00 Kehinde Aboyami Owolabi Nurudeen Adeniyi Aderibigbe Neil D. Evans <p>The adoption of clinical informatics tools is not encouraging in many developing countries and a better understanding of the factors that influence their integration is expected to promote their effective utilisation. To shed more light on this phenomenon, the study employed the use of Universal Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) to identify the factors that influence the use of clinical informatics tools. The study employed a positivism research paradigm anchored on survey research design. Simple random sampling technique was used to select one hundred and five medical doctors in a tertiary hospital in South Africa. Data were collected with the use of a structured questionnaire. Structural equation modelling was used to analyse the data collected. Findings from the study reveal that effort expectancy was related to behavioural intention to use clinical informatics (β = 0.41, p&lt; 0.05). Also, performance expectancy was related to behavioural intention to use clinical informatics (β = 0.47, p&lt; 0.01). The study therefore recommends that the hospital management should create conducive environment that will promote effective use of clinical informatics tools and organise training programmes for effective use of the tools. The study also sees the need for technology producers to make the tools more user-friendly.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Adoption, clinical informatics, medical doctors, UTAUT and South Africa </p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Delivery mechanisms of agricultural information and knowledge to smallholder farmers in Tanzania: A meta–analysis study 2021-02-10T08:24:48+00:00 Tumpe Ndimbwa Faraja Ndumbaro Kelefa Mwantimwa <p>Regardless of concerted interventions and initiatives made to foster agricultural information and knowledge delivery to smallholder farmers, access to these resources remains largely poor in rural Tanzania. To gain insights, the present study examined the delivery mechanisms of agricultural knowledge among smallholder farmers in Tanzania. The study employed a metaanalysis approach where 20 extant studies on agricultural&nbsp; information and knowledge in Tanzania were reviewed. During data analysis, Microsoft Excel 2010 was used to perform descriptive statistics analyses. The study’s findings reveal that there are various sources and delivery mechanisms of agricultural information and knowledge to the smallholder farmers in Tanzania. The findings further expose that there is no consensus on channels that are most suitable for delivering these resources to rural areas. While some prior studies show mass media as predominant sources, others inform that oral information and knowledge delivery mechanism are a prime sources and channels. Besides, the study reveals that rural Tanzania is not immune to factors that constrain delivery of agricultural information and knowledge. Factors like lack of communication tools, illiteracy, irrelevance of content, packaging information using languages farmers are not conversant with, lack of power supply, and limited income limit information and knowledge delivery and access. To speed up agricultural information and knowledge penetration to smallholder farmers in rural Tanzania, farmers groups, demonstration plots,&nbsp; farmers’ field study tours, agricultural shows and NGOs are recommended as sources and channels.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Agricultural knowledge, agricultural information, knowledge delivery mechanisms, Tanzania </p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) The effectiveness of library information literacy instructions given to undergraduate students at the University of Dar es Salaam 2021-02-10T08:28:54+00:00 Hosea N. Mungwabi <p>The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of library information literacy instructions offered at the University of Dar es Salaam. The study population consisted of undergraduate students and library staff at the Mwalimu Nyerere Campus. The study employed a mixed methods approach under which a survey design was used to collect data with the use of questionnaire, observation, and interviews methods. Whereas quantitative data were processed through Microsoft Excel program to simplify analysis, qualitative data were analysed using content analysis. The key findings of the study indicate that the library’s information literacy instructions had moderately impact on majority of respondents’ ability to articulate and locate information they require, use information ethically, and evaluate online information for credibility. Based on these findings, respondents recommend extension of library opening hours, integrating information literacy in the university’s curricula, increasing the number of&nbsp; computers, and deploying more library staff to oversee information literacy instruction.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Information competence, Information literacy, User satisfaction, UDSM Library, Undergraduate students. </p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Information users’ preference on the use of print and Electronic Resources in Selected Universities in Tanzania: A Survey 2021-02-10T08:32:15+00:00 Athumani S. Samzugi <p>This paper is based on a study that examined information users’ preference on use of print and electronic resources in selected&nbsp; universities in Tanzania. A survey method was used as the research design to facilitate the collection of data from the three sampled universities in Tanzania, namely the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM), the Open University of Tanzania (OUT) and Tumaini University-Dar es Salaam College (TUDARco). Purposive sampling technique was used to select respondents, comprising undergraduate and post-graduate students, academic and research staff. Empirical data for the study were collected using a questionnaire survey and interview guide. Out of 350 administered questionnaires, 327 were successfully completed and used for the study, yielding a 93.4 Percent return rate. The study found out that print resources are more preferred than electronic ones. These findings are not in congruency with the popular assumption that the ready availability of online resources has supplanted print resources. However, one significant finding in this study is that e-resources popularity has started to gain ground across the three universities under review. The respondents suggested<br>fostering the use of both print and electronic resources in universities, for wider access of knowledge, particularly in the resource-limited contexts prevailing in Tanzania. Based on the findings, the study concluded that a hybrid collection is the panacea to optimising resources as it provides users with more access choices between the two formats.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: User studies, universities-Tanzania, print resources, electronic resources, digital resources, hybrid library </p> 2021-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)